Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Crucifix

Date:
ca. 1150–1200
Geography:
Made in Castile-León, Spain
Culture:
Spanish
Medium:
White oak with paint, gold leaf, and tin leaf (corpus); softwood with paint and tin leaf (cross)
Dimensions:
Overall (cross): 102 1/2 x 81 3/4 in. (260.4 x 207.6 cm) Head: 10 1/4 x 4 in. (26 x 10.2 cm) Span of right arm: 25 3/8 in. (64.4 cm) Span of left arm: 26 5/16 in. (66.8 cm) Right foot–heel to small toe: 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm) Right foot–heel to big toe: 9 1/8 in. (23.2 cm) Left foot–heel to small toe: 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm) Left foot–heel to big toe: 9 in. (22.8 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Wood
Credit Line:
Samuel D. Lee Fund, 1935
Accession Number:
35.36a, b
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 2
Meant to be seen from both front and back, this large Crucifix represents Jesus hanging on the Cross, but nonetheless triumphant over death: his eyes are wide open, and he wears the gold crown of the King of Heaven. Though the original church from which this image comes is not known, figures of the living Christ on the Cross are found often in Romanesque Spain. A remarkable amount of the twelfth-century paint on the figure is preserved. There are conflicting accounts about the original provenance of the Crucifix; one source attributes it to the later convent of Santa Clara at Astudillo, near Palencia, but the source is not reliable.
[ Arthur and Mildred Stapley Byne, Madrid (sold 1935)]
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Morey, Charles Rufus. "Review of Pintura e imagineria románicas (Ars Hispaniae VI)." Magazine of Art 44 (1951). p. 297.

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Burn, Barbara, ed. Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. pp. 68-69.

Mann, Janice. "A Monumental Catalan Crucifix." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 71, no. 1/2 (1997). p. 50-51, fig. 4.

Jiménez-Blanco, María Dolores, and Cindy Mack. Arte español en Nueva York: Guía. Madrid: Hispanic Society of America, 2004. p. 113.

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