Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Enthroned Virgin and Child

Date:
ca. 1130–1140
Geography:
Made in vicinity of Autun, Burgundy, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Birch with paint and glass
Dimensions:
H. 40 1/2 in. (102.9 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Wood
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1947
Accession Number:
47.101.15
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 4
The simple patterning of the drapery lends elegance to this figure of the Virgin, while her slightly slumped shoulders, forward tilt, and placid gaze might suggest both fatigue and acceptance of her new role as the mother of Jesus. Traces of the medieval painted decoration are preserved. The Virgin’s proper right eye, made of blue glass, is original. The other eye is a recent replacement.
This is one of only a few Romanesque sculptures in wood from Burgundy to survive. The patterning of the drapery and the heavy-lidded eyes relate this piece to the sculptures of the cathedral of Saint-Lazare at Autun, such as the Angel (47.101.16) exhibited in this gallery.
Abbé Victor Terret, Autun (by 1925) ; [ Jean Peslier, Vézelay (sold 1935)] ; [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (1935–1947)]
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Freeman, Margaret B. "A Romanesque Virgin from Autun." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 8, no. 4 (December 1949). pp. 112-16.

Rorimer, James J. The Cloisters: The Building and the Collection of Mediaeval Art in Fort Tryon Park, New York. 11th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1951. pp. 26-28, fig. 12.

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Stoddard, Whitney S. Monastery and Cathedral in France: Medieval Architecture, Sculpture, Stained Glass, Manuscripts, the Art of the Church Treasuries. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1966. p. 273, fig. 333.

Deuchler, Florens. "The Cloisters: Ein Museum für mittelalterliche Kunst in New York." Du 32, no. 2 (1972). p. 102.

Forsyth, Ilene H. The Throne of Wisdom: Wood Sculptures of the Madonna in Romanesque France. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972. no. 87, pp. 16, 18, 145, 188-89, fig. 152-53.

Sauerländer, Willibald. "Zu dem romanischen Kruzifix von Moissac." In Intuition und Kunstwissenschaft: Festschrift für Hanns Swarzenski zum 70. Geburtstag am 30. August 1972, edited by Peter Bloch. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1973. p. 304.

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Kargère, Lucretia Goddard, and Adriana Rizzo. "Twelfth-Century French Polychrome Sculpture in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Materials and Techniques." Metropolitan Museum Studies in Art, Science, and Technology 1 (2010). pp. 39-65, fig. 1, 7-9, 20-21.

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Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 32.

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Kargère, Lucretia Goddard, and Michele D. Marincola. "Conservation in Context: The Examination and Treatment of Medieval Polychrome Wood Sculpture in the United States." Metropolitan Museum Studies in Art, Science, and Technology 2 (2014). p. 18.



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