Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Architectural Canopy

Date:
ca. 1390
Geography:
Made in Ebreichsdorf, Austria
Culture:
Austrian
Medium:
Pot-metal and colorless glass, vitreous paint and silver stain
Dimensions:
Overall: 29 1/4 x 12 1/2 in. (74.3 x 31.7 cm)
Classification:
Glass-Stained
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1987
Accession Number:
1987.40.1
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 9
The castle at Ebreichsdorf, strategically positioned south of Vienna near the Hungarian border, served as a private residence for a member of the court. These windows from the glazing of the castle chapel were made by a large workshop in the employ of the royal dukes in Vienna. Elongated figures with heads often seen in profile, heavy masses of drapery, and an unusually rich range of colors distinguish the style of this court workshop. In contrast to the glass from Saint Leonhard in the central windows of this chapel, the figures here are placed in elaborate architectural settings composed of pinnacles and towers, imaginatively combined to create fanciful structures. These backgrounds link the individual scenes in a unified composition.
Represented in this window are the Baptism, the Agony in the Garden, Christ before Pilate, and the Harrowing of Hell.
Having withstood the Mongol attacks of the thirteenth century only to be plundered by the Turks in 1683, Ebreichsdorf never returned to its medieval splendor. Except for one panel in Vienna, The Cloisters windows are all that survive of the Ebreichsdorf glass.
From the Public Life of Christ window, choir of the castle chapel (the Schlosskapelle) at Ebreichsdorf, south of Vienna.; Roy Grosvenor Thomas, New York (by 1923) ; George A. Douglass, Sr., Greenwich, CT. ; George A. Douglass, Jr., Greenwich, CT. (sold 1987)
"Notizen." Mittheilungen der K.K. Central-Commission zur Erforschung und Erhaltung der Kunst- und Historischen Denkmale, n.s., 1 (1875). pp. XLII–XLIII, (as no. 31).

Lind, Karl. "Übersicht der noch in Kirchen Niederösterreichs erhaltenen Glasmalereien." Berichte und Mittheilungen des Alterthums-Vereines zu Wien 27 (1891). p. 110.

Löw, Alois. "Studien über ein Kapitel der Monumental-Glasmalerei." Berichte und Mittheilungen des Alterthums-Vereines zu Wien 27 (1891). p. 107.

"Notizen." Mittheilungen der K.K. Central-Commission zur Erforschung und Erhaltung der Kunst- und Historischen Denkmale, n.s., 17 (1891). p. 135, (as no. 148).

"Notizen." Monatsblatt des Alterthums-vereines zu Wien 3, no. 2 (February 1891). p. 86.

"Notizen." Monatsblatt des Alterthums-vereines zu Wien 3, no. 12 (December 1891). p. 143.

Löw, Alois. "Alte Glasmalereien in Niederösterreich." Berichte und Mittheilungen des Alterthums-Vereines zu Wien 31 (1895). pp. 11–15.

Lind, Karl. Meisterwerke der kirchlichen Glasmalerei (1897). pp. 11–15, fig. 1–7.

Bürger, Fritz, and Hermann Schmitz. Die deutsche Malerei, vom ausgehenden Mittelalter bis zum ende der Renaissance. Handbuch der Kunstwissenschaft, Vol. 1. Berlin: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Athenaion, 1913. p. 199.

Kieslinger, Franz. Die glasmalerei in Österreich, ein abriss ihrer geschichte. Vienna: Verlag Ed. Hölzel, 1920. pp. 70, 72.

Kieslinger, Franz. "Die Glasmalereien des österreichischen Herzoghofes aus dem Ende des 14 Jahrhunderts." Belvedere 1 (1922). pp. 147–55.

Kieslinger, Franz. Gotische Glasmalerei in Österreich bis 1450. Zürich: Amalthea-Verlag, 1928. pp. 24, 48.

Wentzel, Hans. Meisterwerke der Glasmalerei. Berlin: Deutscher Verein für Kunstwissenschaft, 1954. p. 60.

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. "Glasgemälde." In Die Gotik in Niederösterreich: Kunst und Kultur eines Landes im Spätmittelalter. Krems: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei, 1959. (unpaginated).

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. Die mittelalterlichen Glasgemälde in Wien. Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi, Österreich, Vol. 1. Graz, Vienna, and Cologne: Böhlau Verlag, 1962. p. 129.

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. Die mittelalterlichen Glasgemälde in Niederösterreich: Volume 1, Albrechtsberg bis Klosterneuburg. Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi, Österreich, Vol. 2. Graz, Vienna, and Cologne: Böhlau Verlag, 1972. pp. 225–28, fig. 681–83.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "One Hundred Seventeenth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1986, through June 30, 1987." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 117 (1987). p. 35.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Recent Acquisitions, 1987-1988 (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1988). pp. 19–20.

Frodl-Kraft, Eva. "The Stained Glass from Ebreichsdorf and the Austrian 'Ducal Workshop'." In The Cloisters: Studies in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary, edited by Elizabeth C. Parker. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992. pp. 384–407, pl. 7.

Wixom, William D., ed. Mirror of the Medieval World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999. no. 187, pp. 158–60.



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