This work belongs to a series of tapestries designed to cover the walls of an entire room. Such sets were often referred to in medieval inventories as "rooms" ("chambres"). It is possible that this set was made for the French king Charles VII, whose colors were white, red, and green and one of whose emblems was the rose tree. A royal connection is certainly likely, for the tapestries are sumptuous, with metal threads not only in the clothing and jewelry worn by the fashionable courtiers and ladies, but also in the background leaves, buds, and open roses. Working from full-scale painted designs, the weavers produced tapestries like this by forcing the cross threads (weft) tightly into place—each different-colored thread separately—until all the undyed lengthwise threads (warp) were concealed. Even with several weavers working side by side—the usual procedure—and with the tapestries of a single set being worked simultaneously on separate looms, their production would have taken several years. Hung on the walls of a castle or manor house, tapestries not only served the practical function of insulation, preventing dampness from entering the room, but also constituted a visible and portable declaration of their owner's wealth and taste.
Sigismond Bardac, Paris (in 1904); [ Jacques Seligmann, Paris and New York (sold 1909)]
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Kajitani, Nobuko. "Conservation of Courtiers in a Rose Garden : A Fifteenth-Century Tapestry Series." Conservation Research: Studies in Fifteenth- to Nineteenth- Century Tapestry, Studies in the History of Art: Monograph Series II, 42 (1993). pp. 79-103.
Randall Jr., Richard H. The Golden Age of Ivory: Gothic Carvings in North American Collections. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1993. p. 130.
Boehm, Barbara Drake. "Textiles in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 53, no. 3 (Winter 1995-1996).
Antoine, Elisabeth. Sur la Terre Comme au ciel: Jardins d'Occident á la fin du Moyen Âge. Paris: Musée National du Moyen Âge - Thermes et Hôtel de Cluny, 2002. no. 30, pp. 106-107.
Gaborit-Chopin, Danielle. "Aristote et les Roses: sur un Manche de Couteau du Musée du Louvre." In In Italiam nos fata trahunt, sequamur ... : sborník příspěvku k 75 narozeninám Olgu Pujmanové, edited by Petr Pribyl. Prague: Společnost Přátel Society of Friends, 2003. p. 43.
Campbell, Thomas P. Henry VIII and the Art of Majesty: Tapestries at the Tudor Court. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2007. pp. 33-34, fig. 2.14.
Stucky-Schürer, Monica. Eine immerwährende Krönung: Charles VII (1403-1461) und die Throntapisserie im Louvre. Basel: Schwabe & Co., 2014. pp. 52-53, fig. 26.