Known in Venice as inghistere fracade ("flat-sided bottles"), pilgrim flasks drew on Islamic models not only for their shape but also for foliate and floral patterns. In both the Islamic world and Renaissance Venice, pilgrim flasks were often made in pairs to celebrate marriages.
Otto Hopfinger, New York; [Blumka Gallery, New York].
"A Resource for Educators." Art of the Islamic World. New York, 2012, p. 226, fig. 57 (color). Compares the scrolling floral elements and medallions which are evocative of motifs seen on gilded and painted glass from Syria and Egypt as shown in 17.190.985.