Armorial dish: Supper at the House of Simon the Pharisee
workshop of Maestro Giorgio Andreoli (Italian (Gubbio), active first half of 16th century)
Maiolica (tin-glazed earthenware)
Diameter: 18 5/16 in. (46.5 cm.)
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 950
Robert Lehman amassed a singularly impressive collection of maiolica produced in the renowned workshops of Italy during the High Renaissance. The core of the collection derives from the first half of the sixteenth century, when both ornamentation and painting reached a pinnacle. During this period a new and soon dominant style emerged, "istoriato", which featured complex narrative compositions. The mastery of figure and perspective drawing characteristic of this style recalls the work of 16th-century painters.
This large plate representing the Magdalen's visit to Christ as he dined with Simon the Pharisee is a splendid example of this decorative tradition. The composition, which captures the moment at which the Magdalen anoints Christ's feet with her tears, precipitating his forgiveness, was adapted from Marcantonio Raimondi's engraving of the subject, a common source for maiolica painters. Signed on the back by Maestro Giorgio (Giorgio Andreoli of Gubbio, ca. 1465/70-1553) and dated 1528, the plate is one of the most extraordinary products of the workshops in Gubbio in Umbria. The rim of the plate bears elaborate and energetic "grotteschi"--not necessarily executed by the painter of the central "istoriato" scene. The arms are those of Giangiordano Orsini and Felice della Rovere, daughter of Pope Julius II.
Inscription: Inscribed on the verso, in luster, under the foot: 1528 / M [ ] / Giorgio / da Ugubio (partly illegible due to a large firing flaw).
Marchese Ranghiasci Brancaleoni, Gubbio, supposedly from the late eighteenth century until after 1857 (or sold in 1837 to Jules Soulages, Toulouse?); J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York, no. 2058 (sale, Duveen, New York, May 22, 1922); William Randolph Hearst, New York (sale, Gimbel's, New York, March 17, 1939, lot 947, art. 17).
Artist: probably workshop of Maestro Giorgio Andreoli (Italian (Gubbio), active first half of 16th century)Date: 1525–30Medium: Maiolica (tin-glazed earthenware)Accession: 1975.1.1092On view in:Gallery 950