Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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The House of Bijapur

Artist:
Painting by Kamal Muhammad (active 1680s)
Artist:
Painting by Chand Muhammad (active 1680s)
Object Name:
Illustrated album leaf
Date:
ca. 1680
Geography:
Made in India, Deccan, Bijapur
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper
Dimensions:
Page: H. 16 1/4 in. (41.3 cm) W. 12 13/16 in. (32.5cm) Mat: H. 22 in. (55.9 cm) W. 16 in. (40.6 cm)
Classification:
Codices
Credit Line:
Purchase, Gifts in memory of Richard Ettinghausen; Schimmel Foundation Inc., Ehsan Yarshater, Karekin Beshir Ltd., Margaret Mushekian, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Ablat and Mr. and Mrs. Jerome A. Straka Gifts; The Friends of the Islamic Department Fund; Gifts of Mrs. A. Lincoln Scott and George Blumenthal, Bequests of Florence L. Goldmark, Charles R. Gerth and Millie Bruhl Frederick, and funds from various donors, by exchange; Louis E. and Theresa S. Seley Purchase Fund for Islamic Art and Rogers Fund, 1982
Accession Number:
1982.213
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 463
This picture of all nine ‘Adil Shahi sultans was painted for the young man at the right, Sultan Sikandar, the last ruler of the line. Dynastic aspirations linger in the depiction of his forebear Yusuf ‘Adil Shah, who receives a key of legitimacy from Shah Isma’il, the founder of the Safavid dynasty (erroneously identified as Shah ‘Abbas in the inscription). Bijapuri pictures are typically lyrical, but this late work reflects the influence of Mughal naturalism in the sensitive portraits.
Signature: In Persian; mid-left edge: "Work of Kamal Muhammad and Chand Muhammad".

Inscription: Inscribed in Persian in naskhi script along upper border:
شاه عباس پادشاه ایران
Shah ‘Abbas King of Iran

Inscribed in Persian in naskhi script vertically near left-hand frame:
عمل کمال محمد و چاند محمد
Work of Kamal Muhammad and Chand Muhammad
Kevork Essayan, Paris(until d. 1980; his estate sale, Nouveau Drouot,Paris, June 24, 1982, lot 67, to John R. Alderman for MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "INDIA !," September 14, 1985, no. 208.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Indian Court Painting," March 25, 1997–July 6, 1997, no. 36.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Sultans of Deccan India, 1500-1700: Opulence and Fantasy," April 20, 2015–July 26, 2015, no. 71.

Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 40 (1982–1983). pp. 12, 14-15, ill. (color).

"Miniatures Mogholes et Indiennes du XVIe au XIXe Siècle." In Miniatures Orientales. Paris: Nouveau Drouot, Paris, 1982. no. 67, pp. 66-67, ill. fig. 67 (color).

Zebrowski, Mark. Deccani Painting. Berkeley, CA: Sotheby Publications, 1983. no. 118a, pp. 145, 150, ill. pl. XVII (color).

Welch, Stuart Cary. "Art and Culture 1300–1900." In India!. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1985. no. 208, pp. 310-311, ill. p. 311 (b/w).

Welch, Stuart Cary. The Islamic World. vol. 11. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. pp. 158-159, ill. fig. 121 (color).

Kossak, Steven M., ed. Indian Court Painting 16th–19th century. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 36, pp. 68-69, ill. pl. 36 (color).

Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 269, pp. 341, 380-381, ill. p. 381 (color).

Haidar, Navina, and Marika Sardar. "The Metropolitan Museum of Art Symposia." In Sultans of the South: Art of India's Deccan Courts. Brugge, Belgium: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. ill. Front cover.

Haidar, Navina, and Marika Sardar. "Opulence and Fantasy." In Sultans of Deccan India 1500–1700. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2015. no. 71, pp. 154-155, ill. pl. 71 (color).



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