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Tiraz Textile Fragment

Object Name:
Tiraz fragment
Date:
late 9th–early 10th century
Geography:
Yemen
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Cotton, ink, and gold; plain weave, resist-dyed (ikat), painted Inscription: black ink and gold leaf; painted
Dimensions:
Textile: L. 23 in. (58.4 cm) W. 16 in. (40.6 cm) Mount: L. 27 1/2 in. (69.9 cm) W. 21 in. (53.3 cm) D. 7/8 in. (2.2 cm) Wt. 8 lbs. (3.6 kg)
Classification:
Textiles
Credit Line:
Gift of George D. Pratt, 1929
Accession Number:
29.179.9
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 451
The striped textiles of Yemen were famous throughout the Islamic world. They were made in the resist‑dyed ikat technique to form patterns of arrowheads and diamonds. Inscriptions on Yemeni ikats are often painted, as in this example. Such inscribed textiles were called tiraz, from the Persian word meaning "embroidery." They were produced in tiraz workshops under royal control. Such textiles usually bore inscriptions naming the current ruler or caliph to whom the recipient owed loyalty. Tiraz textiles were presented by rulers as robes of honor at formal ceremonies.
Inscription: Band of pseudo-kufic characters outlined in ink and gilded

Inscribed in Arabic above band:
الملك له
Dominion belongs to Him [God]
George D. Pratt, New York (until 1929; gifted to MMA)
"Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York." In The Arts of Islam. Berlin, 1981. no. 15, pp. 56-57, ill. p. 57 (b/w).

Welch, Stuart Cary. The Islamic World. vol. 11. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. p. 27, ill. fig. 15 (color).

Ali, Wijdan. The Arab Contribution to Islamic Art : From the Seventh to the Fifteenth Centuries. Jordan: The Royal Society of Fine Arts, Jordan, 1999. p. 110, ill. fig. 62 (b/w).

Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 29, pp. 5, 52, ill. p. 52 (color).



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