Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)
Oil on canvas
29 1/8 x 23 5/8 in. (74 x 60 cm)
Gift of Janice H. Levin, 1991
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 820
The patch of purple flowers at the lower left adds a sprightly note to this canvas, which probably dates to the spring of 1878. Featuring strollers on a path, it is typical of Pissarro’s views of Pontoise and its surroundings, almost all of which show the peasants who worked the land or lived in the village. Pissarro painted in the region for almost two decades, beginning in 1866; the site of this scene was identified by his son, Ludovic-Rodo, although it cannot be pinpointed today.
[Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1881–88; bought from the artist on January 14, 1888 for Fr 440; stock no. 754; transferred to Durand-Ruel, New York, April 25]; [Durand-Ruel, New York, 1888; sold on April 25 to Lambert]; Catholina Lambert, Paterson, N.J. (1888–99; sold on April 14, 1899 for $500 to Durand-Ruel); [Durand-Ruel, New York, 1899–1916, stock no. 2194; sold on January 25, 1916 to Durand-Ruel]; [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1916–20, stock no. 10828; sold for Fr 14,400 to Bollag]; [Max Bollag, Zürich, from 1920]; Josef Stransky, New York (until 1922; sale, American Art Galleries, New York, February 16, no. 52, for $2,000 to Durand-Ruel and Knoedler); [Durand-Ruel and Knoedler, New York, 1922–25; Knoedler share sold to Durand-Ruel]; [Durand-Ruel, New York, 1925–27, stock no. 4720; sold on May 31, 1927 to Durand-Ruel]; [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1927–67, stock no. 12753; sold on December 15, 1967 for Fr 4,000]; [Sam Salz, New York, until 1971; sold January 27 to Levin]; Philip and Janice H. Levin, New York (1971); Janice H. Levin, New York (1971–d. 2001)
Kunsthaus Zürich. "Französische Kunst des XIX. und XX. Jahrhunderts," October 5–November 14, 1917, no. 157.
New York. Durand-Ruel Galleries. "Paintings by Camille Pissarro, 1830–1903," December 1–?, 1923, no. 21 (as "Environs de Pontoise").
Lyons. Palais Municipal. "Salon du Sud-Est," April 25–June 1, 1936, unnumbered cat. [see Snollaerts 2005].
Paris. Durand-Ruel. "Exposition Camille Pissarro," June 26–September 14, 1956, no. 34 (as "Environs de Pontoise, Côte des Grouettes").
Kunstmuseum Bern. "Camille Pissarro, 1830–1903," January 19–March 10, 1957, no. 50 (erroneously as in a private collection [per Letter Durand-Ruel 2002, who lent it]).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from New York Collections: Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Philip J. Levin," July 13–September 7, 1971, no. 3 (as "Environs at Pontoise").
Fort Lauderdale. Museum of Art. "Impressionism to the Present: Camille Pissarro and His Descendants," January 29–April 30, 2000, no. 26 (as "Outskirts of Pontoise, Grouettes Hill").
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Very Private Collection: Janice H. Levin's Impressionist Pictures," November 19, 2002–February 9, 2003, no. 5.
Birmingham Museum of Art. "An Impressionist Eye: Painting and Sculpture from the Philip and Janice Levin Foundation," February 1–April 11, 2004, no catalogue.
"Random Impressions in Current Exhibitions." New York Tribune (December 9, 1923), p. 8 [see Ref. Snollaerts 2005].
Ludovic Rodo Pissarro and Lionello Venturi. Camille Pissarro, son art—son œuvre. reprint ed. 1989. Paris, 1939, vol. 1, p. 146, no. 465; vol. 2, pl. 95, no. 465, date it about 1878.
Richard R. Brettell with Joachim Pissarro. Pissarro and Pontoise: The Painter in a Landscape. New Haven, 1990, p. 213 n. 32.
Gary Tinterow in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1991–1992." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 50 (Fall 1992), p. 46, ill. (color), notes that it was probably painted in May or June of 1878; remarks that the blue of the lupines or delphiniums is repeated in the blouse of the peasant woman.
Joachim Pissarro. Camille Pissarro. New York, 1993, p. 115, fig. 121, dates it 1878.
Richard Shone. The Janice H. Levin Collection of French Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2002, pp. 5, 24–27, ill. (color, overall and detail), dates it to the late summer or early fall of about 1878.
Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 371, 373, 380, 390–91, 394, 400, 422, 424; vol. 2, p. 387, no. 569, ill. (color); vol. 3, pp. 954, 957, dates it about 1878, and notes that it once "bore a fake signature in the lower right corner, which was subsequently rubbed out".
Artist: Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)Date: 1886Medium: Graphite, pen and black-gummed ink on buff wove paper (glossy on verso); right margin torn from notebookAccession: 1975.1.679On view in:Not on view
Artist: Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)Date: 1879Medium: Softground etching, aquatint, and drypoint on china paper; sixth state (per Shapiro)Accession: 21.46.1On view in:Not on view