Art/ Collection/ Art Object

北宋 傳屈鼎 夏山圖 卷
Summer Mountains

Attributed to Qu Ding (Chinese, active ca. 1023–ca. 1056)
Northern Song dynasty (960–1127)
ca. 1050
Handscroll; ink and color on silk
Image: 17 7/8 × 45 3/8 in. (45.4 × 115.3 cm) Overall with mounting: 18 1/4 in. × 23 ft. 2 in. (46.4 × 706.1 cm)
Credit Line:
Ex coll.: C. C. Wang Family, Gift of The Dillon Fund, 1973
Accession Number:
Not on view
Between the years 900 and 1100, Chinese paint­ers created visions of landscape that depicted the sublimity of creation. Viewers are meant to identify with the human figures in these paintings. In Summer Mountains, travelers make their way toward a temple retreat. The central mountain sits in commanding majesty, like an emperor among his subjects, the culmination of nature’s hierarchy. The advanced use of texture strokes and ink wash suggests that Summer Mountains is by a master working about 1050, a date corroborated by collec­tors’ seals belonging to the Song emperor Huizong (r. 1101–25), whose paintings catalogue re­cords three works entitled Summer Scenery by the otherwise unknown artist Qu Ding.
Inscription: No artist’s inscription, signature, or seal


Unidentified artist, 1 column in standard script, undated:

Summer Mountains by Yan Wengui

燕文貴 《夏山圖》

Other inscription

Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795), 12 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1748; 1 double seal:

This elegant painting is very old;
The Xuanhe seals [of the Song emperor Huizong, r. 1101–1125] makes it even more precious.
The objects [in the painting] appear full of life,
As if the trees and rocks were drawn from nature.
The lush foliage of the summer mountains is moist;
The sunny gorges hum with increasing waves.
Perching hundreds of feet high, the pavilions appear spacious.
How would it feel to lean on a railing and enjoy this view?
Imperially inscribed in the first lunar month of the wuchen year (1748).[1]

戊辰新正月御題。 [印]: 乾、隆

Collectors’ seals

Song emperor Huizong 宋徽宗 (r. 1101–1125)
Daguan 大觀
Xuanhe 宣和

Ming palace inventory half-seal (1373–1384)
? ? ? ? Si yin 囗囗囗囗司印

Liang Qingbiao 梁清標 (1620–1691)
Jiaolin Jushi 蕉林居士
Ye Xi yuyin 冶溪漁隱
Cangyanzi 蒼岩子
Guan qi dalue 觀其大略
Jiaolin shoucang 蕉林收藏
Jiaolin Liang shi shuhua zhi yin 蕉林梁氏書畫之印
Jiaolin Shuwu 蕉林書屋

Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795)
Wufuwudai Tang guxi tianzi bao 五福五代堂古稀天子寳
Bazheng maonian zhi bao 八徵耄念之寳
Taishang huangdi zhi bao 太上皇帝之寳
shou 壽
Guxi tianzi 古希天子
Baoji chongbian 寳笈重編
Shiqu baojian 石渠寳鋻
Sanxi Tang jingjian xi 三希堂精鋻璽
Shiqu baoji 石渠寳笈
Jishi duo suo xin 即事多所欣
Wan you tong chun 萬有同春
Qianlong yulan zhi bao 乾隆御覽之寳
Qianlong jianshang 乾隆鋻賞
Yi zisun 宜子孫

Qing emperor Jiaqing 清帝嘉慶 (r. 1796–1820)
Jiaqing yulan zhi bao 嘉慶御覽之寳

Qing emperor Xuantong 清帝宣統 (r. 1909–1911)
Xuantong yulan zhi bao 宣統御覽之寳
Xuantong jianshang 宣統鋻賞
Wuyi Zhai jingjian xi 無逸齋精鋻璽

Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1907–2003)
Zhenze Wang shi Jiqian shoucang 震澤王氏季遷收藏
Huaiyun Lou jianshang shuhua zhi ji 懷雲樓鋻賞書畫之記

Illegible: 1

[1] Translation from Department records.
C. C. Wang Family , New York (by 1949–1973; sold to MMA)
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