Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Yaksha

Period:
Shunga period
Date:
ca. 50 B.C.
Culture:
India (Madhya Pradesh)
Medium:
Sandstone
Dimensions:
H. 35 in. (88.9 cm); W. 18 in. (45.7 cm); D. 13 in. (33 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of Jeffrey B. Soref, in honor of Martin Lerner, 1988
Accession Number:
1988.354
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 234
Yakshas (male nature spirits) are personifications of the natural world. Over time they were worshipped as minor gods in both the Buddhist and Hindu pantheons, often functioning as protectors of the earth’s riches, and they became associated with wealth. This potbellied dwarf once raised his arms to support a bowl on his head, which identifies him as a “carrier,” or bharavahaka yaksha. The closest stylistic parallels to this form are seen on pillar capitals at the great early Buddhist stupa (a moundlike structure designed to hold objects of veneration) of Sanchi, near Bhopal. In all probability this yaksha served as an attendant at a stupa’s entrance, its bowl used to receive devotees’ donations.
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