Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Aman-Jean (Portrait of Edmond François Aman-Jean)

Artist:
Georges Seurat (French, Paris 1859–1891 Paris)
Date:
1882–83
Medium:
Conté crayon on Michallet paper
Dimensions:
24 1/2 × 18 11/16 in. (62.2 × 47.5 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Bequest of Stephen C. Clark, 1960
Accession Number:
61.101.16
Not on view
Seurat's study of his friend the artist Aman-Jean (1860–1936) ranks as one of the great portrait drawings of the nineteenth century. Aman-Jean and Seurat were both students at the École Municipale du Dessin and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris; they shared a studio in 1879. The drawing is not a preparatory study for a painting but a finished work. Shown in the Paris Salon of 1883, it was the first work to be exhibited by the twenty-three-year-old artist. Seurat's signature use of conté crayon on textured laid Michallet paper of high quality resulted in drawings with luminosity and tonal harmony, and the classic balanced pose of the artist in profile, focusing intently on his work, gives the image an enduring, timeless quality.
Signature: At upper right, in conté crayon, but visible only under ultraviolet light: "Seurat / 1883"
Edmond-François Aman-Jean (French, Chevry-Cossigny 1858–1936 Paris)1883 - June 1930; De Hauke & Co., New York, for Jacques Seligmann & Co.,June 1930 - February 1931 [stock no. 1539]; Stephen C. Clark (American), February 1931 - 1960; Donor: Stephen C. Clark (American)New York, February 1931-1960 1931-1960
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Germain Seligman The Drawings of Georges Seurat. Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, 1947, cat. no. 42, fig. no. pl. XXXI, pp. 16, 21, 23, , ill.

Hans Tietze European Master Drawings in the United States. J. J. Augustin, New York, 1947, cat. no. 148, pp. 296-297.

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Théodore Rousseau Jr. ? "De David à Toulouse-Lautrec." Art et Style. vol. 34, unpublished; lent by Stephen C. Clark collection. 1955, ill.

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Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture Collected by Yale Alumni. Exh. cat., 19 May - 26 June. Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, 1960, cat. no. 186.

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John Russell Seurat. Oxford University Press, New York and Toronto, 1965, fig. no. 22, pp. 34, 35, 37, , ill.

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Sir Kenneth Clark Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. Exh. cat., November 14, 1970 - February 14, 1971. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, E. P. Dutton and Company, New York, 1970, cat. no. 389, p. 321, ill.

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Louis Hautecoeur Georges Seurat. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milan, 1972, fig. no. 4, pp. 14, 18, ill.

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Mitsuhiko Kuroe Pissarro–Sisley–Seurat. Shueisha, Japan, 1973, fig. no. 4, p. 99, ill.

Jacob Bean, Linda Boyer Gillies, Cynthia Lambros, Roseline Bacou, Réunion des Musées Nationaux Dessins français du Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York de David à Picasso. 54th Exposition de Cabinet des Dessins Musée du Louvre, 25 October, 1973-7 January 1974. Paris, 1973, cat. no. 85, fig. no. 74, pp. 63, 144.

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Sam Hunter, John Jacobus, D. Ibazi, J.-Ph. Chenaux, Y. de Riaz L'Art Moderne du Post-Impressionnisme à nos jours. Edita S.A., French adaptation of editions published by Fratelli Fabbri, 1967&1975; see also editions published by Harry N. Abrams and Prentice Hall., Lausanne, 1977, p. 15.

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Masataka Ogawa, Takeshi Kashiwa Seurat. Senshukai, "Les Peintres Impressionistes" Series 13, Tokyo, 1978, fig. no. III, ill.

Alexandrian, Alice Sachs Seurat. Crown Point Press, See also editions published by Flammarion, Paris, 1980 and 1990; Bonfini, Näfels, 1980; Easton Press, Norwalk, CT, 1983, 1993, Südwest Verlag, München, 1981., 1st U.S. edition of French original text (pub. Flammarion, 1980). 1980, p. 96 (list of illustrations), pp. 6, 10, 93, ill.

Erich Franz, Bernd Growe, John William Gabriel Georges Seurat, Zeichnungen / Georges Seurat, Drawings Catalogue published on the occasion of an exhibition at the Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, and Kunsthaus Zürich, 1983-1984. Prestel Verlag (Munich), Little, Brown and Company (Boston), Editions in German and English. Munich and Boston, 1983-1984, pp. 63, 91, 198.

Belinda Thomson The Post-Impressionists. Phaidon Press, Oxford, 1983, fig. no. 9, pp. 14, 16, ill.

Charles F. Stuckey Seurat. The Artist's Limited Edition, A Madaenas Monograph on the Arts, New York, 1984, p. 6.

Richard Thomson Seurat. Phaidon Press, Oxford, 1985, fig. no. pl. 80, pp. 75, 76, 79, ill.

Paul Robert Le Petit Robert 2 : dictionnaire universel des noms propres, alphabétique et analogique. 1986, p. 1656.

Herbert Wotte Georges Seurat, Wesen, Werk, Wirkung. VEB Verlag der Kunst, Dresden, 1988, fig. no. 16, pp. 23, 130, 210, ill.

Michael Marlais "Seurat et ses amis de l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts." Gazette des Beaux-Arts. VIe Période, vol. 114, no. 1449, Paris, October 1989, fig. no. 1, pp. 153-154, ill.

Seurat und sein Kreis. Exh. cat., Salzburg, Galerie Salis, 'Festspielaustellung', 1989. Galerie Salis, Salzburg, 1989, ill.

La Promenade du critique influent Anthologie de la critique d'art en France, 1850-1990. Compiled and edited by Jean-Paul Bouillon, Compiled and edited by Nicole Dubreuil-Blondin, Compiled and edited by Antoinette Ehrard, Compiled and edited by Constance Naubert-Riser, Fernand Hazan, Paris, 1990, p. 350.

Alain Madeleine-Perdrillat, Jean-Marie Clarke Seurat. Editions Albert Skira (Geneva), Rizzoli (New York), French & English eds. published simultaneously by Skira &Rizzoli. Geneva and New York, 1990, pp. 13, 14, 47, ill.

John Rewald Seurat: A Biography. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Thames and Hudson, Revised from 1943 text with additional material and bibliography. New York and London, 1990, pp. 20, 139, ill.

Nicolas Bourriaud "Seurat en Pointille." in Beaux-Arts Magazine. no. 89, Paris, April 1991, p. 61.

Françoise Cachin Seurat et le rêve de l'art-science. Librairie Gallimard, Réunion des Musées Nationaux , Peinture, Paris, 1991, p. 139 (table of illustrations), fig. no. 24b, pp. 24, 25, ill.

Anne Distel Seurat. Chêne, Switzerland?, 1991, p. 158 (chronology), fig. no. 1, pp. 8, 59, ill.

Michael Kimmelman "Seurat, The Enigma behind the Luster (Review of MMA exhibition 'Georges Seurat', 24 September 1991 - 12 January 1992)." New York Times. New York, 22 September, 1991, p. 35.

Robert L. Herbert, Françoise Cachin, Anne Distel, Susan Alyson Stein, Gary Tinterow Georges Seurat, 1859-1891. Exh. cat., Paris, Grand Palais, 9 April 1991 - 12 August 1991, and MMA, 24 September 1991 - 12 January 1992. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, English version; French version also published. New York, 1991-1992, Appendix B, p.377-378, cat. no. 30, pp. 49-50, ill.

John Russell "French Show Finally Gives Seurat His Due (Review of Grand Palais exhibition 'Georges Seurat', 9 April - 12 August 1991)." New York Times. New York, 1991, p. C12.

Éric Darragon Seurat, Correspondances, témoignages, notes inédites, critiques. Texts chosen by Hélène Seyrès, Acropole, Paris, 1991, pp. 85, 99, 143, 171-2, 320, p. 33.

Maurizia Tazartes Seurat. Giunti, Art Dossier, no. 60, Florence, 1991, p. 48 (chronology), pp. 9, 10, 15, ill.

Richard Tilston Seurat. Bison Group, London, 1991, p. 11.

Nicholas Wadley Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Drawing. Laurence King Publishers, London, 1991, fig. no. 101a, pp. 15, 284, ill.

Michael F. Zimmermann, Jérôme Ferry, Solange Schnall, Karin Fanny Williams Les Mondes de Seurat, son oeuvre et le débat artistique de son temps. Fonds Mercator (Anvers), Albin Michel (Paris), French edition (also see German ed.). Antwerp and Paris, 1991, fig. no. 84, pp. 62, 63, ill.

Joseph C. Skrapits "Shades of Gray, The Drawings of Georges Seurat" American Artist. vol. 56, no. 596, New York, March 1992, p. 47, ill.

Sarah Carr-Gomm Seurat. London, 1993, p. 12, ill.

The Post-Impressionists : A Retrospective. Edited by Martha Kapos, Les Beaux-Arts, London, 1993, p. 12.

Patrick-Gilles Persin Aman-Jean, Peintre de la Femme. Bibliothèque des Arts, Paris, 1993, fig. no. 5, pp. 8, 19, ill.

Stephen F. Eisenman, Thomas Crow, Brian Lukacher, Linda Nochlin, David L. Phillips, Frances K. Pohl Nineteenth Century Art : A Critical History. Thames and Hudson, 2nd edition published by Thames & Hudson, London, 2002, with identical text and illustrations., 1st. New York, 1994, fig. no. 15.1, pp. 318-19, 320, ill.

John Leighton, Richard Thomson Seurat and the Bathers. Accompanied exhibition 'Seurat and the Bathers' at the National Gallery, London, 2 July - 28 September 1997. National Gallery, London, Yale University Press, London, 1997, cat. no. 33, fig. no. 20, pp. 26, 27, 120, ill.

Craig Raine "Seurat's Courage." Modern Painters. vol. 10, no. 3, London, Autumn 1997, pp. 63, 64, ill.

Thomas Parsons, Iain Gale Post-Impressionism : The Rise of Modern Art 1880-1920. NDE Publishing, See French edition: 'Entre l'Impressionisme et l'art contemporain'., English; French edition also exists. Toronto, 1999, fig. no. 36, pp. 45, 46, ill.

Robert L. Herbert Seurat : Drawings and Paintings. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2001, pp. 110, 111, 112, fig. no. 11, pp. 29-31, ill.

Aurea Carmina Georges Seurat & La Tradition des Traces Harmoniques. Marseilles, 2003, fig. no. 15, p. 63, ill.

Jo Kirby, Kate Stonor, Ashok Roy, Aviva Burnstock, Rachel Grout, Raymond White "Seurat's Painting Practice: Theory, Development and Technology." National Gallery Technical Bulletin. National Gallery, London, Yale University Press, vol. 24, London, 2003, p. 9.

Marina Ferretti-Bocquillon Seurat et le dessin neo-impressionniste. Musée d'Orsay, Five Continents Editions, Paris and Milan, 2005, pp. 7, 11.

Michael Conforti, James Ganz, Neil Harris, Sarah Lees, Gilbert T. Vincent The Clark Brothers Collect: Impressionist and Early Modern Painting. Exh. cat. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Williamstown, MA, 2006, cat. no. 376, fig. no. 318, 153, 315, 344, ill.

Jodi Hauptman, Richard Thomson, Richard Shiff, Karl Buchberg, Hubert Damisch, Bridget Riley George Seurat: The Drawings. Exh. cat. Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 2007, cat. no. 34, p. 250, ill.



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