Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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The Lake of Zug

Artist:
Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, London 1775–1851 London)
Date:
1843
Medium:
Watercolor over graphite
Dimensions:
11 3/4 x 18 3/8 in. (29.8 x 46.6 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Marquand Fund, 1959
Accession Number:
59.120
Not on view
Returning from an extended sojourn in the Swiss Alps, Turner solicited patrons for large watercolors to be based on sketches from the trip. This view was commissioned by Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro of Novar in 1843, and was later owned by John Ruskin. Its accomplished rendering of light and atmospheric effects is characteristic of Turner's finest work. The drawing exhibits the technical prowess that made Turner both controversial and celebrated. The lake and mountains display successive applications of color—in dilute washes, drier watercolors, and semi-opaque mixtures—while the mist and reflections reveal the smooth white surface of the paper scraped out of an already painted area. The sun rises between the mountains Rossberg and Mythen behind the town of Arth while, in the foreground, nude girls play in the lake as villagers approach the shore and set out in boats.
Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro, of Novar (British (Scottish), London 1797–1865), not in list compiled at his death, 1865; John Ruskin (British, London 1819–1900 Brantwood, Cumbria)(in 1878 to ?); William Humble 1st Earl of Dudley (British, died 1885); William Humble, 2nd Earl of Dudley (British, succeeded to title in 1885); T. S. Kennedy (British, died 1895), sold by his estate at the following; [Christie, Manson & Woods] Christie's, London, May 15, 1895, no. 95, bought by Agnew; Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd. (London); Sir Donald Currie and Currie Family (British), 1899-1959; Major F. D. Mirrielees (British), grandson of Sir Donald Currie, sold at the following; [Christie, Manson & Woods] Christie's, London, sale March 20, 1959, no. 56, ill.; Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd. (London), bought at the preceding; Vendor: Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd. (London)
Museum Folkwang. "J.M.William Turner: Licht und Farbe," September 15, 2001–January 6, 2002.

Kunsthaus Zürich. "J.M.William Turner: Licht und Farbe," February 1, 2002–May 26, 2002.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "J.M.W. Turner," October 1, 2007–January 6, 2008.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "J.M.W. Turner," June 23, 2008–September 21, 2008.

Tate Britain. "Painting Set Free: Re-reading Late Turner," September 15, 2014–January 18, 2015.

Wilton, 1979.1535
John Ruskin Notes by Mr. Ruskin on His Collection of Drawings by the Late J.M.W. Turner, R.A., Exhibited at the Fine Art Society's Galleries: also a list of the engraved works of that master shown at the same time.. The Fine Art Society, London, 1878, cat. no. 64, pp. 67-8 (Ruskin's notes on the Fine Art Society Exhibition of 1878), ill.

Exhibition of Works by J.M.W. Turner.. Guildhall, London, 1899, cat. no. 151.

Sir Frederick Wedmore Turner and Ruskin: An Exposition of the Work of Turner from the Writings of Ruskin; edited, with a Biographical Note on Turner by F. Wedmore.. George Allen & Co., Ltd., 2 vols., London, 1900, p. 342.

Sir Walter Armstrong Turner. Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd., Charles Scribner's Sons, 2 vols., 1902, pp. 142 (plate) and 286.

Edward Dillon "Turner's Last Swiss Drawings, Part I and II." in Art Journal. London, 1902, pp. 332, 363 (part II).

John Ruskin The Works of Ruskin. Sir Edward Tyas Cook, Alexander D. O. Wedderburn, George Allen & Co., Ltd., Longmans, Green and Co. and New York, 39 vols., Library edition. London, 1903–12, fig. no. 87, vol. V, pp. 455, 534, vol. XIII.

Winter Exhibition of Works by J.M.W. Turner.. Royal Academy of Arts, 1907, cat. no. 216.

Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd. Centenary Exhibition of Water-Colour Drawings by J.M.W. Turner, R.A.. February–March, 1951, cat. no. 117.

"International Saleroom." in Connoisseur Magazine. 1959.

"Ninetieth Annual Report of the Trustees, for the Fiscal Year 1959-1960." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, n.s. vol. 19, no. 2, New York, October 1960, p. 35, ill.

Alexander Joseph Finberg The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A.. Clarendon Press, 1961, p. 393.

Claus Virch "Ye Mists amd Exhalations That Now Rise." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, n.s. vol. 20, no. 8, New York, April 1962, pp. 248-56, ill.

Turner, 1775–1851. [Exh. cat.: 16 November, 1974–2 March, 1975]. Tate Gallery, Royal Academy of Arts, 1974, cat. no. 606, p. 167.

Joseph R. Goldyne J.M.W. Turner: Works on Paper from American Collections. [Ex. cat.: September 30-November 23]. University Art Museum, University of California at Berkeley, 1975, cat. no. 42, pp. 148-9.

Malcolm Cormack, Fitzwilliam Museum J.M.W. Turner, R.A., 1775-1851: A Catalogue of Drawings and Watercolours in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.. Cambridge University Press, 1975, cat. no. 2, p. 80.

David Loshak J.M.W. Turner – akvareller og tegninger fra British Museum. [Ex. cat.: 28 February–2 May]. Statens Museum for Kunst, 1976, p. 80, ill.

Andrew Wilton, John Russell Turner in Switzerland: Survey and Notes with a Checklist of the Finished Swiss Watercolors. De Clivo Press, Dubendorf (Zurich), 1976, checklist no. 79, pp. 114-5, 139, ill.

Andrew Wilton J.M.W. Turner: His Art and Life. Rizzoli, New York, 1979, cat. no. 1535, p. 484, ill.

Andrew Wilton J.M.W. Turner: France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland.. George Braziller, 1982, p. 67.

John Gage, Jerrold Ziff, Nicholas Alfrey, Evelyn Joll, Andrew Wilton J.M.W. Turner: à l'occasion du cinquantième anniversaire du British Council, exh. cat., Galeries nationales du Grande Palais, Paris, 14 octobre 1983–16 janvier 1984. Paris, 1983, cat. no. 249, p. 299.

Ian Warrell Through Switzerland with Turner: Ruskin's First Selection from the Turner Bequest. [Ex. cat.]. Tate Gallery, 1995, fig. no. 25, pp. 67, 151-2.

Georg W. Koltzsch, Andrew Wilton William Turner: Licht und Farbe. exh. cat., Museum Folkwang, Essen and Kunsthaus, Zurich. 2001, cat. no. 180, pp. 238, 357, ill.

Ian Warrell, Franklin Kelly J.M.W. Turner. [Ex. cat.: National Gallery of Art, Dallas Museum of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 21, 2007–September 21, 2008]. National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., Tate Publishing , London, 2007, cat. no. 158, pp. 218-9, ill.



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