Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, Antwerp 1599–1641 London)
Etching; first state of seven
9 1/2 x 6 1/8in. (24.1 x 15.6cm)
Bequest of Mary Stillman Harkness, 1950
On view at The Met Breuer on Floor 3
In this lively "Self-Portrait" of about 1640, Anthony van Dyck masterfully etched his rakishly turning head with the spontaneity and fluidity found in his drawings and merely suggested the rest of his body through the sketchy but deftly placed lines indicating his neck and collar. Together with the other prints in his "Iconography"—a portrait series depicting approximately one hundred famous nobles, scholars, and especially artists—Van Dyck's "Self-Portrait" enlivened this established genre with its fresh and original depiction of the sitter. The plates to the "Iconography," of which fifteen were executed by Van Dyck and the remainder by nine hired printmakers, underwent modification and reprinting many times over the centuries; fortunately, early states of those etched by Van Dyck himself survive, such as this first state of the "Self-Portrait." Evident in later editions of the "Iconography," the engraver Jacques Neeffs completed the composition with a sculptural bust and pedestal—whether or not this was Van Dyck's intention remains unknown.
Inscription: [in brown ink, lower right]: A VAN DYCK
Mary Stillman Harkness; Donor: Mary Stillman Harkness
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art [The Met Breuer]. "Unfinished: Thoughts Left Visible," March 18–September 4, 2016.
Mauquoy-Hendricx 4 i/vii; Wibiral 4 i/iv; New Hollstein part 1.2.1 i/vii
Franz Wibiral Iconographie d'Antoine van Dyck. Leipzig, 1877, cat. no. 4 i/iv.
Marie Mauquoy-Hendrickx L'iconographie d'Antoine Van Dyck. Académie Royale de Belgique, Brussels, 1956; 1991, cat. no. 4 i/vii.
Simon Turner Anthony Van Dyck : New Hollstein Dutch & Flemish etchings, engravings and woodcuts, 1450-1700. Carl Depauw, vols. 1-8, 2002, cat. no. Part 1.2.1 i/vii.