This sculpture is one of a group of statues associated with the South Arabian Bronze Age. It comes at the beginning of a figural tradition characterized by extreme simplification and symbolic strength. Represented is a standing female with a role of fat and deep groove emphasizing the belly and a clearly indicated pubic triangle. Her massive body is contained within a quadrangular space. The legs look truncated but the toes, like the hands and fingers, are indicated by incisions. She wears a strap across her body and a necklace. Subject and style invite comparison with Near Eastern and Aegean Neolithic statuary and with much later South Arabian statuary of the second century B.C. In early Anatolia and Greece—as in late Paleolithic Europe—nude females were dynamic, with curved, exaggeraged breasts, belly, and buttocks. By contrast, the frontal, profile, and back planes of the South Arabian sculpture are separated, emphasizing abstraction and containment within a blocklike form—features that characterize figural art of the region more than two thousand years later. Other similar statues were found near western highland settlements and the inner Hadramawt area. A few males appear ithyphallic, suggesting that these human or divine images were used in fertility rituals.
By 1968, Audouin collection, Paris; 1994, purchased from Rémy Audouin by Jean-Luc Chalmin; acquired by the Museum in 1998, purchased from Jean-Luc Chalmin, London.
Audouin, Rémy. 1997. "Archéologie du Mythe." Qantara 25, p. 33.
Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 129 (Jul. 1,1998 - Jun. 30, 1999), p. 9.
Aruz, Joan. 1999. "Standing Female Figure." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 57 (2), Recent Acquisitions: A Selection 1998-1999 (Autumn, 1999), p. 6.