This powerful snarling lion has a slightly protruding tongue. The animal's muzzle is wrinkled and solid spheres form the eyes. The object is one of a pair (its partner is in Tehran). It is cast solid in the form of a lion's head, with a hollow cylindrical neck with four openings near the base and a solid tang below. When excavated, no other object or material was found near the pair to give a clue to their function, although they may have been placed on an article of furniture, perhaps at the top of the uprights of a chair.
1962, excavated by Robert H. Dyson Jr. on behalf of the Hasanlu Project sponsored by the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, the Archaeological Service of Iran, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art; acquired by the Museum in 1963, as a result of its financial contribution to the excavations.
de Schauensee, Maude, and Robert H. Dyson. 1983. "Hasanlu Horse Trappings and Assyrian Reliefs." In Essays on Near Eastern Art and Archaeology in Honor of Charles Kyrle Wilkinson, edited by Prudence O. Harper and Holly Pittman. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 75, fig. 25c.
Muscarella, Oscar W. 1988. Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 21, no. 1.
Rakic, Yelena ed. 2010. Discovering the Art of the Ancient Near East: Archaeological Excavations Supported by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1931–2010. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 68 (1), Summer 2010, p. 36.