Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Spouted jar

Period:
Iron Age II
Date:
ca. 9th century B.C.
Geography:
Iran, Hasanlu
Culture:
Iran
Medium:
Ceramic
Dimensions:
H. 8 1/2 in. (21.7 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics-Vessels
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1960
Accession Number:
60.20.15
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 404
Hasanlu in northwestern Iran is best known as the site of a citadel that was destroyed in about 800 B.C., most likely by an army from Urartu coming from eastern Turkey. Thousands of artifacts of terracotta, bronze, iron, gold, silver, and ivory were recovered from the monumental buildings, which were characterized by an elaborate entrance and a large central hall with columns that supported a two-story superstructure.

This gray-ware jar (MMA 60.20.15) and stand (MMA 60.20.16), found in a burial in the cemetery of Hasanlu, is typical of Iron Age pottery of northwestern Iran. The bodies of such vessels are often fluted, quadrooned, or decorated with grooves. The handles are frequently raised higher than the vessel rim with a thumb rest like modern beer mugs. Many other aspects of culture, including architectural form, mode of burial, and style of bronze weapons and small objects, were altered at this time, leading some scholars to suggest a migration of new people into the region at the beginning of the Iron Age.
1959, excavated by Robert H. Dyson Jr. on behalf of the Hasanlu Project sponsored by the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, the Archaeological Service of Iran, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art; acquired by the Museum in 1960, as a result of its financial contribution to the excavations.

“Grand Reserves: Hidden Treasures from Fifteen New York Museums,” The New York Cultural Center, New York, October 24–December 8, 1974.

“The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department,” MOA Museum of Art, Atami, Japan, The Aiche Prefectural Art Gallery, Nagoya, Japan, The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan, 1983.

Crawford, Vaughn E. 1961. "Hasanlu 1960." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 20 (3), p. 88, fig. 2.

Crawford, Vaughn E. et al. 1966. Guide to the Ancient Near East Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 26, fig. 39.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1968. "Excavations at Dinkha Tepe, 1966." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (3), pp. 189, 194, fig. 10.

New York Cultural Center. 1974. Grand reserves, exh. cat. New York: New York Cultural Center, no. 93.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1983. “Hasanlu.” In The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department, exh. cat. Tokyo: Chunichi Shimbun, no. 52.

Rakic, Yelena ed. 2010. Discovering the Art of the Ancient Near East: Archaeological Excavations Supported by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1931–2010. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 68 (1), Summer 2010, p. 35.
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