Art/ Collection/ Art Object


Possibly by Robert Fisher (American, active 1824–37)
Made in New York, New York, United States
Ebonized mahogany, mahogany, mahogany veneer, gilding, bronzing, stamped brass ornaments, and glass (secondary woods: pine, poplar, cherry)
102 x 55 3/4 x 28 1/8 in. (259.1 x 141.6 x 71.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Francis Hartman Markoe, 1960
Accession Number:
60.29.1a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 733
Neoclassicism was the dominant style in American furniture for the first four decades of the nineteenth century. In contrast to the earlier Neoclassical designs characterized by light, delicate forms and geometric lines, this secretary, or writing desk, is associated with the later phase of Neoclassicism between 1815 and 1845. While by definition all Neoclassical furniture draws upon the past through the use of motifs and elements from antiquity such as acanthus leaves, animal-paw feet, and palmettes, late Neoclassical furniture is distinguished by its bold forms and often monumental character.
Here the ebonized mahogany, the painted and gilded fretwork in imitation of brass inlay, the naturalistic stenciling of fruits and flowers on the rounded front molding and cornice, the columns with carved and gilded capitals, and the massive paw feet below burnish-gilded cornucopia brackets, all combine to create one of the greatest expressions of American furniture in the late Neoclassical style. Aside from its obvious decorative appeal, this piece served a practical function as a writing desk: the front molding pulls out to reveal a writing surface flanked by compartments for ink, and the drawers and shelves above would have provided storage space for papers, letters, and books. While this secretary had previously been attributed to the New York cabinetmakers Joseph Meeks and Sons, the recent discovery of a signed secretary-bookcase of very similar design by Robert Fishcer (1824-1837) casts doubt upon this certain attribution
Francis Hartman Markoe, Long Island, New York, until 1960
Related Objects

Secretary Abattant

Artist: Possibly from the Workshop of Duncan Phyfe (1770–1854) Date: 1835–45 Medium: Mahogany, mahogany veneer, gilt brass, mirror glass, marble, ivory with white pine, mahogany, yellow poplar Accession: 1983.225 On view in:Gallery 738

Card table

Artist: Charles-Honoré Lannuier (1779–1819) Date: 1817 Medium: Mahogany veneer, white pine, yellow poplar, gilded gesso, vert antique, and gilded brass Accession: 1995.377.1 On view in:Gallery 728

Pier table

Artist: Charles-Honoré Lannuier (1779–1819) Date: 1815–19 Medium: Rosewood veneer, gilded gesso, brass, white metal, marble, glass with mahogany, ash, white pine, yellow poplar Accession: 53.181a, b On view in:Gallery 726

Cylinder Desk and Bookcase

Artist: Attributed to Duncan Phyfe (1770–1854) Date: 1815–20 Medium: Mahogany, mahogany veneer, satinwood, gilded gesso with yellow poplar, white pine Accession: 1985.236a, b On view in:Gallery 726

Card table

Artist: Charles-Honoré Lannuier (1779–1819) Date: 1805–12 Medium: Mahogany, mahogany veneer, gilded brass with white pine, mahogany Accession: 46.24 On view in:Gallery 726