Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Statue of Dionysos leaning on a female figure ("Hope Dionysos")

Restored by Pacetti, Vincenzo
Period:
Augustan or Julio-Claudian
Date:
27 B.C.–A.D. 68
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
H. 82 3/4 in. (210.2 cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of The Frederick W. Richmond Foundation, Judy and Michael Steinhardt, and Mr. and Mrs. A. Alfred Taubman, 1990 The cleaning and restoration of this sculpture was made possible by a generous grant from the Edward John Noble Foundation, Inc
Accession Number:
1990.247
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 162
The head is ancient but from another statue. Restorations by the eighteenth-century Italian sculptor Vincenzo Pacetti: (on Dionysos) ivy wreath, neck, both arms, lower right leg, calf and boot of left leg, hanging drapery on right side; (on the archaistic image) uplifted corner of drapery, both arms, lower half of lower legs, feet, pedestal, entire base.

Roman copy of Greek original. Adaptation of a Greek work of the 4th century B.C.

Dionysos, god of wine and divine intoxication, wears a panther skin over his short chiton and his high sandals with animal heads on the overhanging skin flaps. He stands beside an archaistic female image whose pose and dress imitate those of Greek statues carved in the sixth century B.C. It is difficult to know whether the original Greek bronze statue of Dionysos, of which this is a copy, included the female figure. Supports in the form of pillars, herms, and small statues were not uncommon in Classical art, but this figure may have been added to support the outstretched arm and may represent Spes, a Roman personification of Hope, who was commonly shown as an archaistic maiden.
March, 1796, acquired by Vicenzo Pacetti from the Aldobrandini Palace, Rome; 1796, acquired by Henry Philip Hope from Vicenzo Pacetti; July 23-24, 1917, purchased by Mr. Francis Howard through Christie's, London; until 1954, collection of Mr. Francis Howard; before 1990, private collection, Palm Beach; acquired July 10, 1990, through Sotheby's, New York.
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Hope, Thomas. 1807. Household Furniture and Interior Decoration, executed from designs by Thomas Hope. pl. I, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme.

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Baptiste Charles Othon Frederic Jean de Clarac comte and Louis-Ferdinand-Alfred Maury. 1841. "ou, Description historique et graphique du Louvre et de toutes ses parties, des statues ... du Musée royal des antiques et des Tuileries ... tirées des principaux musées et ... collections de l'Europe, accompagne d'une iconographie egyptienne, grecque." Musée de sculpture antique et moderne, 4. pl. 695, no. 1614, Paris.

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Reinach, Salomon. 1916. "Clarac de poche: contenant les bas-reliefs de l'ancien fonds du Louvre et les statues antiques du Musée de sculpture de Clarac." Répertoire de la Statuaire Greque et Romaine, Vol. 1, 2nd edn. p. 391, I, Paris: E. Leroux.

1917. Celebrated collection of Greek, Roman & Egyptian sculpture and ancient Greek vases, being a portion of the Hope Heirlooms. July 23-24, 1917. Lot 257.

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Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Dionysos, no. 128a, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Waywell, Geoffrey B. 1986. The Lever and Hope Sculptures: Ancient Sculptures in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight and a Catalogue of the Ancient Sculptures Formerly in the Hope Collection, London and Deepdene. no. 6, pp. 72-3, pl. 49, 1, Berlin: Mann.

1990. Egyptian, Greek, Etruscan, Roman and western Asiatic antiquities and Islamic works of art. June 20, 1990. lot. 40.

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