Obverse, bull being sacrificed Reverse, torch race
The scenes on the krater probably refer to an Athenian festival dedicated to the god Hephaistos. An inscription indicates that the festival was either founded or reorganized about 421/420 B.C. Although little is known about it, the events included a torch race and the sacrifice of bulls, possibly by the victors in the race.
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Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1347, no. 3, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Cole, Nancy. 1968. Greek Athletic Games. no. 4, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Gebauer, Jörg. 2002. Pompe und Thysia: Attische Tieropferdarstellungen auf schwarz- und rotfigurigen Vasen. pp. 152-3, 201-2, 206, 250, fig. 101, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag.
Kaltsas, Nikolaos. 2004. Agon no. 124, pp. 234-35, Athens: Hellenic Ministry of Culture.