Art/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Terracotta amphora (jar)

Attributed to the Berlin Painter
Period:
Late Archaic
Date:
ca. 490 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 16 5/16 in. (41.50 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1956
Accession Number:
56.171.38
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 157
Obverse, young man singing and playing the kithara
Reverse, judge

This work is a masterpiece of Greek vase-painting because it brings together many features of Athenian culture in an artistic expression of the highest quality. The shape itself is central to the effect. Through the symmetry, scale, and luminously glossy glaze on the obverse, it offers a carefully composed three-dimensional surface that endows the subject with volume. The identity of the singer is given by his instrument, the kithara, which was a type of lyre used in public performances, including recitations of epic poetry. The figure on the reverse is identified by his garb and wand. While the situation is probably a competition, the subject is the music itself. It transports the performer, determines his pose, and causes the cloth below the instrument to sway gently.
Said to be from Nola (Beazley 1963, p. 197, no. 3).

May 22-23, 1919, purchased by W.R. Hearst from Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge, London; from 1919, collection of William Randolph Hearst, New York and San Simeon, CA; acquired November 26, 1956, purchased from the Hearst Corporation.
1919. Greek, Roman and Egyptian antiquities formed by the late Sir Hermann Weber. May 22-23, 1919. no. 270, p. 33, pl. XI.

Beazley, John D. 1922. "Citharoedus." The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 42(1): pp. 70-98, figs. 1-2, pl. II.

Beazley, John D. 1930. Der Berliner Maler: Bilder griechischer vasen, Vol. 2, John D. Beazley and Paul Jacobsthal, eds. pl. 21, Berlin: H. Keller.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. "Greek Vases from the Hearst Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 15(7): pp. 166, 176, Bulletin Cover.

Noble, Joseph V. 1960. "The Technique of Attic Vase-Painting." American Journal of Archaeology, 64(4): pp. 307-18, fig. 2, pl. 85.

Beazley, John D. 1961. "An Amphora by the Berlin Painter." Antike Kunst, 4: p. 50 n. 3.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. pp. 197, 1633, no. 3, Add. 1, pp. 196-214, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Cole, Nancy. 1968. Greek Athletic Games. no. 5, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 85, 87, fig. 31.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd ed. p. 342, no. 3, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. "Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 31(1): no. 17, pp. 6, 42-3, 68.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Levy, Kenneth. 1982. Music: A Listener's Introduction. Cover, New York: Harper & Row.

Kurtz, Donna C. 1982. The Berlin Painter. pp. 18, 22, 49, 61ff., 80, 104, 107, pls. I, XXXVI, a, b, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 36, pp. 54-5, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Carpenter, Thomas H., Thomas Mannack, and Melanie Mendonça. 1989. Beazley Addenda: Additional References to ABV, ARV² & Paralipomena. p. 190, Oxford.

Maas, Martha and Jane McIntosh Snyder. 1989. Stringed Instruments of Ancient Greece. pp. 64-5, 76, fig. 13, New Haven: Yale University Press.

1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Anderson, Warren D. 1994. Music and Musicians in Ancient Greece. pp. 177, 195, pl. IV, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Hornblower, Simon and Antony Spawforth. 1998. The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. p. 478, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sparkes, Brian. 2000. "Greek Painted Pottery." Making Classical Art: Process and Practice, Roger Ling, ed. p. 72, fig. 40, Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia.

Neer, Richard T. 2002. Style and Politics in Athenian Vase Painting: The Craft of Democracy ca. 530-460 B.C.E.. pp. 72-3, figs. 33-4, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Roccos, Linda Jones. 2002. "The Citharode Apollo in Villa Contexts: A Roman Theme with Variations." The Ancient Art of Emulation: Studies in Artistic Originality and Tradition from the Present to Classical Antiquity, Dr. Elaine K. Gazda, ed. pp. 277-8, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Bundrick, Sheramy. 2005. Music and Image in Fifth-century Athens. pp. 2-3, 6, 18, 20, 164-65, 166, 203 n. 17, figs. 3-4, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 118, pp. 108, 428-29, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Levkoff, Mary. 2008. Hearst the Collector. p. 24, Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

Pérez, Diana Rodríguez. 2016. "Part II: Sir John Beazley." 250 Years of Scholarship on Greek Vases. pp. 41–43, 70–71, figs. 16, 31, Great Britain: Christ Church.

Related Objects

Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar)

Date: ca. 500 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 10.210.19 On view in:Gallery 157

Terracotta lekythos (oil flask)

Date: ca. 480 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 21.88.163 On view in:Gallery 171

Terracotta Nolan neck-amphora (jar)

Date: ca. 470–465 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 41.162.17 On view in:Gallery 171

Terracotta oinochoe: chous (jug)

Date: ca. 490–480 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 22.139.32 On view in:Gallery 157

Terracotta lekythos (oil flask)

Date: ca. 480 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 41.162.7 On view in:Gallery 157