The amphora comes from a shipwrecked cargo vessel (Grand Congloué B) that was explored by Capt. Cousteau and Prof. Benoît in 1952-3. The ship’s hold contained some 1,200–1,500 Roman wine amphorae made at or near Cosa in Etruria. The cargo was evidently destined for markets in Gaul, where Celtic chieftains had developed a taste for wine and tableware supplied by Roman merchants.
From Grand Congloué Island, near Marseille, France
Watts, Edith Whitney. 1965. Archaeology: Exploring the Past. p. 15, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Picón, Carlos A. and Seán Hemingway. 2016. Pergamon and the Hellenistic Kingdoms of the Ancient World p. 88, fig. 114, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.