Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) with lid and knob (27.16)

Attributed to Exekias
Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 540 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 18 1/2 in. (47 cm) diameter 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1917
Accession Number:
17.230.14a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 155
On the body, obverse and reverse, man and woman in chariot accompanied by woman and kithara player
On the shoulder, combat of foot soldiers and horsemen

Black-figure was a cumbersome, restricted, and quite artificial technique. The vases in this room testify to the variety of effect and the forcefulness of expression that is nonetheless permitted. Probably the greatest single black-figure artist was Exekias, who was both potter and painter. Although the essential ingredients of this work are traditional, its particular character is evident in the robust shape, the extraordinary precision and vitality in the figures and ornament, and the perfect relation of the decorative elements to the body beneath.
Possibly between 1787-1790, acquired by Sir William Hamilton (British Envoy and Plenipotentiary at the court of Naples), Naples; from the late 1780's to 1801, possibly in the collection of Sir William Hamilton; 1801-1917, vase and lid probably in the possession of the Hope Family, at Deepdene, Surrey, England (1801-1831 with Thomas Hope; 1831-1862 with Henry Thomas Hope; 1862-1877 with Mrs. Henry Thomas Hope; from 1877 with Henrietta Adela Hope and the Sixth Duke of Newcastle; already in 1893 with Lord Henry Francis Hope, the second son of the Sixth Duke of Newcastle); vase acquired July 24, 1917, purchased at auction, Christie, Manson and Woods, London; lid acquired 1926, gift of J. D. Beazley, who purchased it July 24, 1917, at auction, Christie, Manson and Woods, London.
1917. Celebrated collection of Greek, Roman & Egyptian sculpture and ancient Greek vases, being a portion of the Hope Heirlooms. July 23-24, 1917. no. 33, p. 9.

Tillyard, E.M.W. 1923. The Hope Vases: A Catalogue and a Discussion of the Hope Collection of Greek Vases. no. 15, pp. 30-1, pl. 3, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 87, fig. 54, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Beazley, John D. 1928. "Attic Black Figure: A Sketch." Proceedings of the British Academy, 14: no. 18, p. 242.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 87, fig. 54, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. pp. 3-4, fig. 15, New York: Plantin Press.

Technau, Werner. 1936. Exekias: Bilder griechischer vasen, Vol. 9, John D. Beazley and Paul Jacobsthal, eds. no. 17, pl. 4, Berlin: H. Keller.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 95, 438, fig. 277, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Metzger, Henri. 1951. Les représentations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle. no. 11, pp. 24, 26, 70-7, Paris: E. de Boccard.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 198, pl. 38b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1956. Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters. no. 3, p. 144, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: p. 92, fig. 37.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. "Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 31(1): no. 9, pp. 4, 2405, 67.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1975. "Notable Acquisitions, 1965-1975." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, : no. 9, pp. 4, 24-25, 67.

Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 24, pp. 40-41 , Karlsruhe: Müller.

Beazley, John D. 1978[1956]. Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters. pp. 144, 686, no. 3, Add. 1, p. 144, New York: Hacker Art Books.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 32, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1980. The Horses of San Marco: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, February 1-June 1, 1980, New York. no. 16, p. 4, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Martelli, Marina Cristofani. 1983. "Il 'Marte' di Ravenna." Xenia Antiqua, 6: p. 8, , 10 (left.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 24, pp. 40-1, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Herakles, no. 2881, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Manchester, Karen. 1999. "The New Greek and Roman Galleries at the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Apollo, 150: p. 8, fig. 10.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 75, pp. 78, 420, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. no. 11, pp. 24, 26, 70-74, 88, 112, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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