Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Armor of Emperor Ferdinand I (1503–1564)

Armorer:
Kunz Lochner (German, Nuremberg, 1510–1567)
Date:
dated 1549
Geography:
Nuremberg
Culture:
German, Nuremberg
Medium:
Steel, brass, leather
Dimensions:
H. 67 in. (170.2 cm); Wt. 52 lb. 14 oz. (24 kg)
Classification:
Armor for Man
Credit Line:
Purchase, Rogers Fund and George D. Pratt Gift, 1933
Accession Number:
33.164a–x
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 371
The ownership of this armor by Ferdinand I (1503–1564) is indicated by the heraldic emblems on the toe caps: the imperial double-headed eagle surmounted by a royal crown, which signifies Ferdinand’s honorific status as king of the Romans and designated successor to his brother, Emperor Charles V. The image of the Virgin and Child on the breastplate was also used by Charles V on his own armors. The backplate is decorated with crossed staves and firesteels, the insignia of the Order of the Golden Fleece, an elite chivalric society of which Ferdinand was a member.

Kunz Lochner, Nuremberg’s most celebrated armorer of the period, made several armors for both Ferdinand and his son Archduke Maximilian (1527–1576), including two matching armors produced about 1546 that are very similar to the one exhibited here.

The helmet of the Museum’s armor was not made for it originally but has been associated with the armor since at least the early nineteenth century.
Marking: Marked on the inner and outer faces of the principle elements: the blazon of the city of Nuremberg; and the initial N within pearled border, denoting Nuremberg.
Count Franz I zu Erbach-Erbach, Schloss Erbach im Odenwald, Germany (by 1807–d. 1823; said to originate from Amberg; by descent through the family to Count Conrad zu Erbach-Erbach); Count Conrad zu Erbach-Erbach, Schloss Erbach im Odenwald (1920–1933; sold through A.S. Drey to MMA, 1933)
Kurze Beschreibung des Rittersaales in dem Schlosse zu Erbach im Odenwalde und der in demselben aufgestellten Rüstungen und Waffen. Amorbach: H. W. Wolkhart, 1808. pp. 35–36, no. II.15.

Schloss Erbach. Kurze Beschreibung des Rittersaales in dem Schlosse zu Erbach im Odenwalde und der in demselben aufgestellten Rüstungen und Waffen. Amorbach: H. W. Wolkhart, 1812. p. 35, no. II.15.

Reiffenberg, Baron Frédéric Auguste Ferdinand Thomas de. Histoire de l'Ordre de la Toison d'Or, Depuis son Institution jusqu'a la Cessation des Chapitres Généraux, Tirée des Archives Mêmes de cet Ordre et des Écrivains qui en ont Traité, par le Baron de Reiffenberg. Brussels: Fonderie et Imprimerie Normales, 1830. p. 420 (?).

Kresš, G. L. von. "gezeichnet und in aqua tinta geätzt von G.L. v. Kresš." In Rittersaal im Schlosse zu Erbach im Odenwalde. Offenbach a.M, 1832. p. 20, no. II.16, pl. XVII.

Schaefer, Georg. Kunstdenkmäler im Grossherzogthum Hessen. Inventarisirung und beschreibende Darstellung der Werke der Architektur, Plastik, Malerei und des Kunstgewerbes bis zum Schluss des XVIII Jahrhunderts. A. Provinz Starkenburg, Kries Erbach.. Darmstadt: A. Bergstraesser, 1891. pp. 69–70, fig. 40.

Schinhammer, Clement. "Amberger Erinnerungen aus den Jahren 1800 und 1801." Das Bayerland 12 (1901). p. 488 (Elector of Bavaria in Amberg discussed).

Müller-Hickler, Hans. Führer durch die Waffensammlungen des Gräflichen Schlosses zu Erbach i.D.. Erbach im Odenwald: Aug. Franz'sche Hofbuchdruckerei, 1922. p. 13.

Müller-Hickler, Hans. Die Waffensammlungen in Erbach i. O. 1923. pp. 57–61, no. 38, pls. XVI–XVII.

Müller-Hickler, Hans. Bezeichnung der Rüstungen und Waffen in dem Rittersaal Sr. Erlaucht des Grafen Konrad zu Erbach, Erbach i. O. Darmstadt, 1926. pls. XIV–XV.

Grancsay, Stephen V. "A Sixteenth-Century Parade Armor." The Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art XXIX, no. 6 (1934). pp. 102–4, fig. 1.

Mann, James G. "The Etched Decoration of Armour: A Study in Classification." Proceedings of the British Academy 27 (1940). p. 15, pl. VIII, fig. 2.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, December 1944. p. 3, pl. 15.

Thomas, Bruno. Deutsche Plattnerkunst. Munich: F. Bruckmann, 1944. p. 99, pl. 31.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Loan Exhibition of Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, January 15-March 18, 1953. p. 9, no. 6, fig. 6.

MacAgy, Jermayne. The Installation of the Loan Exhibition of Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor at the Legion of Honor Museum from April 18 through July 5 Nineteen Hundred Fifty-Three. San Francisco: California Palace of the Legion of Honor, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, April 18–July 5, 1953. p. 13.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Loan Exhibition of Mediavel and Renaissance Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Hagerstown, Md.: Washington County Museum of Fine Arts, February 27–March 31, 1955. p. 9, no. 6, fig. 6.

Schedelmann, Hans. "Ein Ruckblick auf den Waffenmarkt des letzten halben Jahrhunderts." Waffen- und Kostümkunde 15 (1973). Heft 1, p. 30, no. 15, ill.

Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 123, ill.

Gamber, Ortwin. "Der Plattner Kunz Lochner - Harnische als Zeugnisse Habsburgishcer Politik." Jahrbuch Der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien Band 80 (1984). pp. 43–44, figs. 55, 58.

Angerer, Martin, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Germanisches Nationalmuseum. Nürnberg, 1300–1550: Kunst der Gotik und Renaissance. 1st ed. ed. Munich: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1986. pp. 466–7, no. 276.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Germanisches Nationalmuseum. Gothic and Renaissance Art in Nuremberg, 1300–1550. 1st ed. ed. New york: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, May 1986. pp. 466–7, no. 276.

Neumann, Hartwig. "Das Zeughaus: die Entwicklung eines Bautyps von der spätmittelalterlichen Rüstkammer zum Arsenal im deutschsprachigen Bereich vom XV. bis XIX. Jahrhundert." PhD diss., Bernard & Graefe, 1992. p. 219.

Pfaffenbichler, Matthias. Armourers. Medieval Craftsmen. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992. p. 54, fig. 62.

Hoffmann, Carl A., Markus Johanns, Annette Kranz, Christof Trepesch, Oliver Zeidler, and Maximilianmuseum. "Begleitband zur Ausstellung im Maximilianmuseum Augsburg." In Als Frieden Möglich War: 450 Jahre Augsburger Religionsfrieden. 1. Aufl ed. Regensburg, Germany: Schnell & Steiner, 2005. pp. 325–6, no. II.2, ill.

Espinosa, Natalie. "Metallic Package: The Erection and Detumescence of the Codpiece." Vice 17, issue 3 (March, 2010). pp. 190–192, ill.



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