This sword is said to have been found in an imperial tomb at Mang Shan, north of Luoyang, Henan Province. The P-shaped scabbard mounts, probably derived from long swords worn by nomadic Sarmatian and Sasanian horsemen, served as a prototype for the Japanese tachi (slung sword). The ring pommel takes the form of two confronted dragons.
Imperial Tomb, Pei-Chueu-Shan near Lo Yang, Henan Province.
Dean, Bashford. Notes on Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1916.
Schorsch, D., Claude Blair, and Helmut Nickel. "The Vermand Treasure: A Testimony to the Presence of Sarmatians in the Western Roman Empire." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 21 (1986). p. 141.
Coe, Michael D., Fred Wilkinson, and Thom Richardson. Swords and Hilt Weapons. New York: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989.
Tom, Philip M. W. "Some Notable Sabers of the Qing Dynasty at the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum Journal 36 (2001). pp. 207–208, fig. 3.