Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Burgonet

Armorer:
Filippo Negroli (Italian, Milan ca. 1510–1579)
Date:
dated 1543
Geography:
Milan
Culture:
Italian, Milan
Medium:
Steel, gold, textile
Dimensions:
H. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm); W. 7 5/16 in. (18.6 cm); D. 11 1/2 in. (29.2 cm); Wt. 4 lb. 2 oz. (1871 g)
Classification:
Helmets
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.1720
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 374
This masterpiece of Renaissance metalwork is signed on the browplate by Filippo Negroli, whose embossed armor was praised by sixteenth-century writers as "miraculous" and deserving "immortal merit." Formed of one plate of steel and patinated to look like bronze, the bowl is raised in high relief with motifs inspired by classical art. The graceful mermaidlike siren forming the helmet's comb holds a grimacing head of Medusa by the hair. The sides of the helmet are covered with acanthus scrolls inhabited by putti, a motif ultimately derived from ancient Roman sculpture and wall paintings.
Inscription: Signed on the brow plate, in gold: PHILIPP NEG ROLV FECIT MCXXXXIII (the date is mistakenly written as 1143 instead of 1543).
Sir Bernard Brocas, Wokefield Park, Sharnbrook, Berkshire, England (until 1834; sale, George Robins, London, March 19, 1834, no. 366, for £29.8, to Roussel); [Monsieur Roussel, Paris, from 1834]; Honoré d'Albert, 8th duc de Luynes, Château de Dampierre, France (until d. 1867); by descent to Charles Honoré Emmanuel d'Albert, 9th duc de Luynes, Château de Dampierre (1867–d. 1870); by descent to Honoré d'Albert, 10th duc de Luynes, Château de Dampierre (1870–at least 1905); [Jacques Seligmann and Company, Paris, until 1907; sold on April 29, 1907, for £13,200, to Morgan]; J. Pierpont Morgan, New York (1907–17; his gift to MMA).
Paris. Palais de la Présidence du Corps Législatif. "Notice Sommaire des Objets d'Art Exposés dans le Palais de la Présidence du Corps Législatif, le 23 Avril 1874, au Profit des Alsaciens-Lorrains en Algérie," April 23, 1874, no. 18.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Loan Exhibition of Arms and Armor," February 6–April 16, 1911, no. 60.

Detroit. The Detroit Institute of Arts. "Decorative Arts of the Italian Renaissance, 1400–1600," November 18, 1958–January 4, 1959, no. 204.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "In the Presence of Kings: Royal Treasures from the Collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 18–June 11, 1967, no. 15.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries," November 14, 1970–February 14, 1971, no. 227.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Heroic Armor of the Italian Renaissance: Filippo Negroli and his Contemporaries," October 8, 1998–January 17, 1999, no. 33.

Ancient Arms and Armour. London, March 19–22, 1834. no. 366.

Notice Sommaire des Objets d'Art : Exposés dans le Palais de la Présidence du Corps Législatif, le 23 Avril 1874, au Profit des Alsaciens-Lorrains en Algérie. Paris, 1874. p. 107, no. 18.

Dean, Bashford. "The Metropolitan Museum of Art, February the Sixth to April the Sixteenth, 1911." In Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition of Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, January 1911. no. 60, pl. XXX.

Dean, Bashford. Notes on Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1916.

Dean, Bashford. "Mr. Morgan's Milanese Casque." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 11, no. 4 (April 1916). pp. 86-89, figs. 1–4.

Dean, Bashford. "Recent Acquisitions: The Negroli Casque." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 13, no. 5 (May 1918). pp. 118–119.

Dean, Bashford. Handbook of Arms and Armor: European and Oriental, Including the William H. Riggs Collection, the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3rd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, April 1921. pp. 71, 152, pl. XXXI.

Laking, Guy Francis, Charles A. de Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. IV. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1921. pp. 145-150, figs. 1232 a and b.

Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. Handbook of Arms and Armor: European and Oriental, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930. pp. 132–133, 301, figs 83–84.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. pp. 1, 4, pl. 3.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1946. pp. 1, 4, pl. 3.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 3rd ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1951. pp. 1, 4, pl. 3.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 4th ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1957. pp. 1, 4, pl. 3.

Mayor, A. Hyatt. "The Gifts that Made the Museum." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 16, no. 3 (November 1957). p. 90, ill.

Detroit Institute of Arts and Paul L. Grigaut. Decorative Arts of the Italian Renaissance, 1400–1600: [exhibition] the Detroit Institute of Arts, November 18, 1958–January 4, 1959. Detroit: The Detroit Institute of Arts, November 18, 1958–January 4, 1959. no. 204, ill. p. 96.

Thomas, B., and Ortwin Gamber. "L'Arte Milanese dell'Armatura." Storia di Milano XI (1958). p. 788, ill.

Aroldi, Aldo M. Armi e Armature Italiane fino 'al XVIII Secolo. Milan: Bramante Editrice, 1961. fig. 173.

Blackmore, Howard. Arms and Armour. Dutton Vista Pictureback. London: Studio Vista, 1965. pp. 96–97, ill. p. 96.

Boccia, Lionello G., and Eduardo T. Coelho. L'Arte dell'Armatura in Italia. Milano: Bramante Editrice, 1967. p. 323, no. 272, ill.

Nickel, Helmut. In the Presence of Kings: Royal Treasures from the Collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1967. no. 15, ill.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Kenneth Clark. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1970. p. 227, no. 227, ill.

Rousseau, Theodore. "Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 29, no. 3 (November 1970). p. 134, ill.

Seward, Desmond. Prince of the Renaissance: The Golden Life of François I. New York, 1973. p. 242, ill.

Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde Mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 128, ill.

Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor from the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer 1991). pp. 24, 64, ill.

Boccia, Lionello G. "Le Armature dei Negroli." IIOIEIN (Poiein), Quaderni di Cultura Artistica (FMR) 6 (1993). pp. 5–26, 82–85, ill.

Pyhrr, Stuart W., José-A. Godoy, and Silvio Leydi. Heroic Armor of the Italian Renaissance: Filippo Negroli and His Contemporaries. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 8, 1998–January 17, 1999. pp. 180–184, no. 33, ill.

Williams, Alan R. "The Steel of the Negroli." Metropolitan Museum Journal 34 (1999). p. 105, fig. 5–6.

Strouse, Jean, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "J. Pierpont Morgan, Financier and Collector." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 57, no. 3 (Winter 2000). pp. 36–37, fig. 40.

Williams, Alan. The Knight and the Blast Furnace: A History of the Metallurgy of Armour in the Middle Ages & the Early Modern Period. History of Warfare, Vol. 12. Leiden: Brill, 2002. p. 253, ill.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Thomas P. Campbell. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 163, ill.



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