Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Rowel Spur

Date:
ca. 1400
Geography:
Catalonia
Culture:
French or Spanish, Catalonia
Medium:
Copper alloy, enamel, gold
Dimensions:
L. 7 1/4 in. (18.42 cm); L. of neck, 3 in. (7.62 cm); Diam. of rowel, 2 7/8 in. (7.03 cm); Wt. 7 oz. (198.45 g)
Classification:
Equestrian Equipment-Spurs
Credit Line:
Gift of William H. Riggs, 1913
Accession Number:
14.25.1737
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 373
In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, spurs were recognized symbols of rank and status. The wearing of gilt spurs was restricted to knights and members of the nobility. Squires in training for knighthood wore silver or silver-gilt spurs, while others used spurs of iron or brass. Early medieval spurs were equipped with simple, straight prongs, and were known as prick spurs. By the fourteenth century, the rowel spur, with a rotating wheel, came into general use. The rowels were sometimes pierced with intricate decorative patterns or, as in this example, finished with radiating points resembling a sunburst. This elaborately enameled and gilt spur is decorated with the black and gold checked insignia of the counts of Urgell, a Catalan noble family.
Ex coll.: Comte de Clermont, Paris; Musée de la Maison des ducs de Lorraine; William H. Riggs, Paris
Thoumas, Charles Antoine. "Exposition Rétrospective Militaire du Ministère de la Guerre en 1889." In Les Anciennes Armées Françaises:. Vol. I. Paris, 1890. pl. opp. p. 14.

Lenk, Torsten, Blanche Byrne, Jane Clark, Charles R. Beard, Leslie Southwick, Ian Eaves, John F. Hayward, Gordon T. Howard, and Walter J. Karcheski. The Journal of the Arms and Armour Society 2 (1956–1958). (14.25.1737 and 39.159.2 cited on p. 110).

Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor From the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer 1991). pp. 12, 64, ill.



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