Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Double-Barreled Wheellock Pistol Made for Emperor Charles V (reigned 1519–56)

Gunsmith:
Peter Peck (German, Munich, 1503–1596)
Etcher:
Ambrosius Gemlich (German, Munich and Landshut, active ca. 1520–50)
Date:
ca. 1540–45
Geography:
Munich
Culture:
German, Munich
Medium:
Steel, gold, wood (cherry), staghorn
Dimensions:
L. 19 3/8 in. (49.2 cm); L. of upper barrel 10 in. (25.4 cm); L. of lower barrel 7 5/8 in. (19.4 cm); Cal. of each barrel .46 in. (11.7 mm); Wt. 5 lb. 10 oz. (2550 g)
Classification:
Firearms-Pistols-Wheellock
Credit Line:
Gift of William H. Riggs, 1913
Accession Number:
14.25.1425
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 375
One of the earliest pistols, this firearm was designed and produced by Peter Peck, a maker of watches and guns. The two locks combined in one mechanism provided the barrels with separate ignition. Made for Emperor Charles V (reigned 1519–56), the pistol is decorated with his dynastic and personal emblems: the double-headed eagle and the pillars of Hercules with the Latin motto PLUS ULTRA (More beyond).
Inscription: Inscribed: PLVS VLTRA (More beyond).

Marking: Stamped on the breechblock and adjacent area of the barrel: the double P mark of Peter Peck.
Argaiz, Don José. Armería del Difunto Excmo. Madrid, 1889. no. 46.

Magniac, Hollingworth, and Christie's, London. "Also Known as the Colworth Collection." In The Renowned Collection of Works of Art Chiefly Formed by the Late Hollingwoth Magniac. London: William Clowes, July 1892. p. 194, no. 916.

Dean, Bashford. Notes on Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1916.

Cripps-Day, Francis Henry. A Record of Armour Sales, 1881–1924. London: George Bell & Sons, 1925. p. 29.

Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. "European and Oriental, Metropolitan Museum of Art." In Handbook of Arms and Armor, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930. p. 178, fig. 115.

Grancsay, Stephen V., and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Hapsburg Gun." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 29 (October 1934). p. 175.

Scofield, J.K., J.F. Hayward, James G. Mann, and C.G.E. Bunt. "Old Firearms in America." The Connoisseur CVIII (1941). p. 8, fig. 1.

Grancsay, Stephen V., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Wheellock Pistol Made for the Emperor Charles V." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 6 no. 4 (December 1947). pp. 116–122, ill.

Mayor, A. Hyatt, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Gifts that Made the Museum." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 16, no. 3 (November 1957). p. 92, ill.

Granscay, S. V., A. Hyatt Mayor, James J. Rorimer, William Holmes Forsyth, Bruno Thomas, Sir Richard C. Jebb, Randolph Bullock, Stephen V. Grancsay, and Helmut Nickel. "The New Galleries of Oriental Arms and Armor." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (May 1958). pp. 214, 234, ill.

Hayward, J.F. The Art of the Gunmaker. Vol. 1. 1500–1660. London: Barrie and Rockliff, 1962. p. 280, pl. 6a.

Thomas, B., Ortwin Gamber, and Hans Schedelmann. Die Schönsten Waffen und Rüstungen aus Europäischen und Amerikanischen Sammlungen. Heidelburg: Keysersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1963.

Thomas, B., Ortwin Gamber, Hans Schedelmann, and Keysersche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Die Schönsten Waffen und Rüstungen aus Europäischen und Amerikanischen Sammlungen. Heidelberg, 1963. no. 29, ill.

Reitzenstein, Alexander. Der Waffenschmied: Vom Handwerk Der Schwertschmiede, Plattner Und Büchsenmacher. Munich: Prestel Verlag, 1964. p. 90, fig. 50.

Reitzenstein, Alexander von. Der Waffenschmied vom Handwerk der Schwertschmiede Plattner un Büchsenmacher. Munich: Prestel Verlag, 1964. p. 90, fig. 50.

Blair, Claude. Pistols of the World. London: Batsford, 1968. p. 113, pl. 394.

Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 256, ill.

Schalkhauser, Erwin. "Peter Peck, the Emperor's Gunsmith." In Art, Arms and Armour, edited by Robert Held. Vol. 1. Chiasso: Acquafresca Editrice, 1979. pp. 182–201, figs. 7–8.

Morin, Marco, Zdzislaw Zygulski, and Nolfo di Carpegna. Armi Antiche. 1st ed. Milan: Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, 1982. no. 30, ill.

Tarassuk, Leonid, and Robert Lawrence Wilson. "Aristocratic Arms Collectors: A History of Famous European Aficionados, Part I." Man at Arms 5 (1983). p. 34.

Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor From the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer 1991). pp. 42, 64, ill.

Troso, Mario. "La Prima Guerra d'Independenza Italiana, con gli assedi di Milano, Napoli, Firenze, il sacco di Roma e le Battaglie di Capo d'Orso e Gavinana, Parma." In Italia! Italia! 1526–1530. Parma: Ermanno Albertelli, 2001. pp. 256–257, pl. T25.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Thomas P. Campbell. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. p. 163, ill.



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