Helmets of this type are usually called turban helmets becuase of their large bulbous shape and the flutings that imitate the folds of a turban. Because certain dervish groups wore turbans wound with a prescribed number of folds to represent an important mystical number, it is likely that turban helmets were regarded not merely as armor but also as a kind of religious insignia, their very shape marking the wearer as a fighter in a Holy War. Turban helmets, together with mail-and-plate armor of matching decoration, were intended for the heavy cavalry and are recorded as early as the fourteenth century. The examples exhibited here appear to have belonged to the dynasty of Ak-Koyunlu (White Sheep Turkoman) that ruled northwestern Iran and Anatolia in the fifteenth century. The inscriptions, damascened with gold and silver, glorify temporal rulers, wish the owner well, or give advice on how to attain virtue.
Marking: Stamped with the mark of the Ottoman arsenal at Istanbul.
Ex. coll.: Duc de Dino (inv. no. 5).
Cosson, Charles Alexander. Le Cabinet D'armes De Maurice De Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc De Dino. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1901. p. 112, no. 5.
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, and Sammlung F. Sarre. Erzeugrusse Islamischer Kunst. Berlin, 1906. p. 58, Abb. 49.
de Young Museum, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Walter Heil, and Mehmet Aga-Oglu. Exhibition of Islamic art : M.H. De Young memorial museum, February 24 to March 22 [1937 / [introduction by Mehmet Aga-Oglu] . San Francisco, CA, 1937. p. 54, cat. no. 180.
Alexander, David, Stuart W. Pyhrr, and Will Kwiatkowski. Islamic Arms and Armor in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2015. p. 69-71, cat. no. 22, ill.
Artist: Workshop of Ahmed Tekelü (possibly Iranian, active Istanbul, ca. 1520–30)Date: ca. 1525–30Medium: Steel, gold, ivory (walrus), silver, turquoise, pearls, rubiesAccession: 1993.14On view in:Gallery 380