Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Diana and the Stag

Joachim Friess (ca. 1579–1620, master 1610)
ca. 1620
German, Augsburg
Silver, partly gilt, enameled, set with jewels; movement of iron, wood
H. 14 3/4 x W. 9 1/2 in. (37.5 x 24.1 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
Not on view
The stag has a hollow body and a removable head and can be used as a drinking cup. When used in drinking games, a mechanism in the base was wound up and the automaton was allowed to run freely on concealed wheels until it came to a halt before one of the participants at the table, who had to drink everything in the cup. Diana's bow, quiver, and arrow are late nineteenth century in date.
Marking: [1] Pinecone (Augsburg town mark in use between 1620 and 1625);
[2] Roman capitals I F within a rectangle (cameo) (maker's mark of Joachim Friess or Fries, born in Lubeck about 1579 master goldsmith in Augsburg in 1610, died 1620);
[3] A Roman capital B below a crown and within a shield (cameo), unidentified;
[4] A Roman capital E below a crown, and within a shaped reserve (cameo) (French guarantee mark for Foreign silver in use between 1809 and 1819);

Location of marks:
[1] On the neck and inside the neck, and on the base;
[2] Twice on the neck, on top of the base, under the front feet of the deer;
[3] Inside and on the outside of the neck;
[4] Inside the neck
Mr. Eugen Gutmann , Berlin (before 1907) ; J. Pierpont Morgan (until 1917; to MMA)
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