Thomas Sully (American, Horncastle, Lincolnshire 1783–1872 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Oil on canvas
57 x 45 3/8 in. (144.8 x 115.3 cm)
Bequest of Francis T. Sully Darley, 1914
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 733
This grand, allegorically rich portrait of Sully's daughter Jane Cooper Sully Darley (1807-1877) and her son Francis Thomas Sully Darley (d.1914) has provoked many interpretations, the most ambitious of which equates mother and son with the mythological figure of Penelope, the ideal wife of Odysseus, and Telemachus, her perfect son. Sully filled the composition with attributes of blithe family life: the spray of ivy clinging to the wall is the emblem of a faithful wife; the scene on the urn--Hermes bringing the infant Dionysus to be nurtured by the nymphs--alludes to the duties of motherhood; the boy's foot lightly resting on his dog connotes fidelity and loyalty.
Signature: [on parapet]: T S [monogram] 1840. Jan.
the sitter's husband, William Henry W. Darley, Philadelphia; the sitter, until died 1877; their son, Francis T. S. Darley, Philadelphia, 1877–died 1914