The Metropolitan Museum of Art LogoEmail

Type the CAPTCHA word:

Small Delights: Chinese Snuff Bottles

Zhixin Jason Sun, Curator, Department of Asian Art

Posted: Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Snuff Bottle with Gold Speckles (21.175.266a, b)

Snuff Bottle with Gold Speckles. Qing dynasty (1644–1911), late 18th century. Blue glass with glass stopper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Bequest of Edmund C. Converse, 1921 (21.175.266a, b)

«The current exhibition Small Delights: Chinese Snuff Bottles (on view through June 15, 2014) is drawn entirely from the Museum's extensive collection, and features many works that haven't been shown in decades. These exquisite miniatures not only illustrate the extraordinary technical virtuosity and refined aesthetic sensibility achieved by Qing craftsmen, but also provide a window on life and culture in late imperial China.»

Snuff, a mixture of finely ground tobacco leaves and aromatic herbs and spices, was introduced to China by European missionaries, envoys, and merchants in the second half of the seventeenth century. With its medicinal and stimulating effects, it soon caught on with officials and even the emperor of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). The increasing use of snuff led to the making of snuff bottles, small containers with a corked stopper that were easily portable and airtight to preserve freshness and flavor.

Snuff Bottle with European Woman and Child (21.175.314a, b)

Snuff Bottle with European Woman and Child. Qing dynasty (1644–1911), Qianlong mark and period (1736–95). Painted enamel on copper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Bequest of Edmund C. Converse, 1921 (21.175.314a, b)

The use of snuff spread slowly and steadily, and by 1800 it reached practically every level of society in the vast Chinese empire. Snuff and its bottles became an indispensable part of social interaction. While they were used as domestic ornaments, personal adornments, expensive gifts, or rewards, these bottles also came to manifest social standing and refined taste.

Snuff Bottle (14.40.486)

Snuff Bottle. Qing dynasty (1644–1911), late 18th–early 19th century. Chalcedony. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Bequest of Benjamin Altman, 1913 (14.40.486)

Small as they are, snuff bottles hold a unique place in the rich history of Chinese art. The broad range of materials, techniques and artistic styles found in these miniature masterpieces represent almost every art form developed during the five millennia of Chinese civilization, including stone, porcelain, ivory, lacquer, metalwork, glass, and even painting and calligraphy. Some of the techniques and styles also reflected the frequent contact between China and the West.

Department(s): Asian Art
Tag(s): China, Chinese, Qing, tobacco


  • lisa garcia says:

    i recently bought a small snuffbottle at a thrift store..it looks to be made of mother of pearl mosaic,it has roses on one side..and a woman with a butterfly on her hand...its in perfect condition..i tried looking it up on the internet..but had no luck..oh..and it also has writing on the bottom..any info would be greatly appreciated...i have pics if youd like to see it....thank you..

    Posted: June 2, 2014, 6:31 p.m.

  • Annie Dolmatch says:

    Dear Ms. Garcia,

    Thank you for your comment. As a matter of policy, the Museum does not verify or appraise works of art. There are professional services that can assist with this type of information. You could try contacting your local university to get a referral in your area.


    Annie Dolmatch
    Website Managing Editor

    Posted: July 1, 2014, 5:07 p.m.

Post a Comment

We welcome your participation! Please note that while lively discussion and strong opinions are encouraged, the Museum reserves the right to delete comments that it deems inappropriate for any reason. Comments are moderated and publication times may vary.

*Required fields

Follow This Blog: Subscribe

About the Author

Zhixin Jason Sun is a curator in the Department of Asian Art.

About this Blog

Now at the Met offers in-depth articles and multimedia features about the Museum's current exhibitions, events, research, announcements, behind-the-scenes activities, and more.