Sometime after the invention of the chitarrone in Florence around 1585, various local forms of long-necked lutes were developed. One variant appearing in Rome at the end of the sixteenth century, dubbed the Roman arch lute, accommodated a standard pitch of about 386 hertz (a full step below the modern pitch standard); that lower standard was used in many churches. Only ten such instruments are known today, of which this example is the latest and one of the most beautiful. By the end of the through bass period, in the middle of the eighteenth century, the arch lute had become an indispensable instrument of the orchestra.David Tecchler, born in Germany, settled in Rome in 1698. As a lute maker, he is known only by this instrument, while his cellos and violins have survived in greater numbers and are highly valued.