Quantcast

Back to browse highlights

Double Virginal

Lodewijck Grouwels

Date:
1600
Geography:
Middelburg, Zeeland, The Netherlands
Culture:
Flemish
Medium:
Pine, spruce, various materials
Dimensions:
L. 190.5 cm x W. 50.8 cm (L. 6 ft 3 in. x W. 1 ft. 8 in.)
Classification:
Chordophone-Zither-plucked-virginal
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.1196
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Marking: Inscribed: LVDVVICVS GROVVELVS ME FECIT 1600

    The large front-board bears the motto: SCIENCIA NON HABET INIMICUM NISI IGNORANTEM (Knowledge (science) has no enemy but the ignorant). The front-board of the smaller instrument, inserted in the case to the right of keyboard, bears the motto ARS USU IVVANDA. The soundboards of both instruments are painted with flowers and fruit, each with a rose bearing the initials L. G., and representing Pan blowing an organ with his lips.

  • References

    "Flemish Harpsichords and Virginals in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: An Analysis of Early Alterations and Restorations." Metropolitan Museum Journal (1997), vol. 32, pg. 102-106, ill.

    Colloquium: Ruckers klavecimbels en copieen (Ruckers Genootschap): Universele instrumenten voor de interpretatie van de muziek uit Rubens tijd. Ruckers Genootschap. Antwerp, 1977, pg. 84,85, ill.

    Ruckers Genootschap. Antwerp, 1974, pg. 73, ill.

    Historical Pianos, Clavichords and Harpsichords. N. E. Michel, Publisher. Pico Rivera, CA, 1970, pg. 82, ill.

    Keyboard Instruments in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Picture Book. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1961, pg. 16-17, fig. 7, ill.

    Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Europe. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1904, vol. I, pg. 85.

    Catalogue of Keyboard Instruments. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1903, pg. 43,45, ill.



  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
501767

Close