Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice)

Oil on canvas
57 1/2 x 38 in. (146.1 x 96.5 cm)
Credit Line:
The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection, 2002
Accession Number:
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: L.R.: Henri Matisse 14

  • Provenance

    Henri Matisse (1914 - his d. 1954; reserved for Sergei Shchukin but retained upon outbreak of World War I); Estate of Henri Matisse (1955); his widow, Amélie Matisse, née Parayre (1955 - her d. 1958); Estate of Amélie Parayre Matisse (1958 - 1960);
    their son, Pierre Matisse, New York (inherited from his mother, 1960 - his d. 1989);
    his widow, Maria-Gaetana Matisse, née von Spreti, New York (1989 - her d. 2001);
    Pierre and Maria Gaetana Matisse Foundation, New York (2002; their gift to MMA).

  • Exhibition History

    "Henri Matisse Exhibition," organized by Walter Pach, Montross Gallery, New York, January 20-February 27, 1915, exh. cat., no. 61 (checklist reprinted in Gordon 1974);

    "Matisse," Galerie Paul Guillaume, Paris, October 8-14, 1926, no catalogue;

    "Henri Matisse: Paintings," Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, January 23-February 24 (extended to March 3), 1934, exh. cat., no. 25;

    "Austellung Französischer Kunst der Gegenwart" (French Art of the Present), Preussische Akademie der Künste, Berlin, June 5-July, 1937, exh. cat., p. 37, no. 226, ill. n.p.;

    "Drawings by Henri Matisse and Small Pictures by French Painters," Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, April 15-May 3, 1941, exh. cat., no. 9;

    "Matisse," Grande Salle des Expositions de la Réserve, Knokke-le-Zoute, Belgium, July 12-August 31, 1952, exh. cat. with preface by George Duthuit, no. 17, ill. p. 22 ;

    "Henri Matisse: Retrospective 1966," UCLA Art Galleries, Los Angeles, January 5-February 27, 1966, Art Institute of Chicago, March 11-April 25, 1966, and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, May 5-July 3, 1966 (this venue had its own cat., see below), exh. cat. with essays by Jean Leymarie, Herbert Read, and William S. Lieberman, no. 38, pp. 67 (ill.), 187;

    "Henri Matisse" (venue of UCLA 1966), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, May 5-July 3, 1966, exh. cat. with excerpts from a letter by Henri Matisse to Mr. Henri Clifford, and "Notes of a Painter" by Henri Matisse, no. 38;

    "Henri Matisse, Exposition du Centenaire," Grand Palais, Paris, April 21-September 21, 1970, exh. cat. by Pierre Schneider, no. 123, ill. p. 197;

    "Matisse: Oleos, dibujos, gouaches découpées, esculturas y libros," Fundación Juan March, Madrid, October 13-December 14, 1980, exh. cat. with essay by the artist from 1908, no. 15, ill. n.p.;

    "Matisse," National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, March 20-May 17, 1981, and National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, May 26-July 19, 1981, exh. cat. with introduction by Kazuo Anazawa, no. 36, pp. 63 (ill.), 189 (ill.);

    "Henri Matisse," Kunsthaus Zürich, October 15, 1982-January 16, 1983, and Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, January 29-April 4, 1983, exh. cat. with essays by Pierre Schneider, Klaus Schrenk, Reinhold Hohl, Margit Hahnloser-Ingold, and Franz Meyer, no. 40, ill., n.p.;

    "Henri Matisse," Moderna Museet, Stockholm, November 3, 1984-January 6, 1985, exh. cat. by Nina Öhman, with introduction by Ulrf Linde, no. 21, p. 25;

    "Henri Matisse" Venue of Stockholm 1984-5), Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark, January 19-April 14, 1985, exh. checklist printed in Louisiana Revy, vol. 25, no. 2 (January 1985), no. 28, p. 57;

    "Henri Matisse: Matisse et l'Italie," Museo Correr, Venice, May 30-October 18, 1987, exh. cat. by Pierre Schneider, with essays by Pierre Schneider, Attilio Codognato, Xavier Girard, Christian Arthaud, and Giandomenico Romanellei, and entries by Tamar Préaud, no. P21, pp 69 (ill.), 205;

    "Henri Matisse: A Retrospective," Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 24, 1992-January 12, 1993, exh. cat. by John Elderfield with Beatrice Kernan, and chronology by Judith Cousins, no. 175, ill. p. 251;

    "Henri Matisse, 1904-1917," Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, February 25-June 21, 1993, exh. cat. with essays by Yve-Alain Bois, Dominique Fourcade, and Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, chronology by Isabelle Monod-Fontaine and Claude Laugier, anthology by Dominique Fourcade and Eric de Chassey, no. 116, pp. 347 (ill.), 496;

    "Matisse: La revelation m'est venue de l'Orient," Musei Capitolini, Rome, September 19, 1997-Janaury 17, 1998, exh. cat. with essays by Claude Duthuit, Albert Kostenevich, Jean Leymarie, Georges Duthuit, and Rémi Labrusse, catalogue and chronology by Rémi Labrusse, no. 57, pp. 178-9, ill.;

    "The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, exh. in three parts, May 18, 2004-June 26, 2005, no cat. (see MMA Bulletin 2004);

    "Pierre Matisse, passeur passionné: Un marchand d'art et ses artistes," Mona Bismarck Foundation, Paris, October 20, 2005-January 14, 2006, exh. cat. edited by Pierre Schneider, essays by Pierre Schneider, Paul Matisse, Sabine Rewald, Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, and Jacques Dupin, pp. 119 (ill.), 190;

    "Matisse: Painter as Sculptor," Dallas Museum of Art and Nasher Sculpture Center, January 21-April 29, 2007; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, June 9-September 16, 2007; and Baltimore Museum of Art, October 28, 2007-February 3, 2008, exh. cat. by Dorothy Kosinski, Jay McKean Fisher, & Steven Nash, with essays by Steven Nash, Dorothy Kosinski, Jay McKean Fisher, Ann Boulton, & Oliver Shell, and catalogue by Heather MacDonald, Jed Morse, Oliver Shell, no. 70, pp. 180, 188 (ill.), 271.

    The Art Institute of Chicago. "Matisse: Radical Invention, 1913-1917," March 20-June 20, 2010, no.27 (as "Branch of Lilacs").

    New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Matisse: Radical Invention, 1913-1917," July 18-October 11, 2010, no. 27 (as "Branch of Lilacs").

  • References

    Unsigned, "Art at Home and Abroad: News and Comment: Matisse at the Montross Galleries" (review of 1915 Montross exh.), New York Times (January 24, 1915), p. SM11;

    Unsigned (Charles Henry Dorr?), "News of the Art World" (review of 1915 Montross exh.), New York World (January 24, 1915), section 2, p. 5;

    Walter Pach, "Why Matisse?" (review of 1915 Montross exh., which, Alfred Barr wrote [in Matisse, MoMA 1951], "might have served as a preface to the catalog of the show"), Century Magazine, vol. 89 (February 1915), p. 633;

    Mario Luzi and Massimo Carra, L'Opera di Matisse: dalla rivolta "fauve" all'intimismo 1904-1928 (Milan 1971), no. 186, p. 94, ill.; later published as Tout L'Oeuvre peint de Matisse, 1904-1928, with introduction by Pierre Schneider, and documentation by Massimo Carra (Paris 1982), ibid.;

    Albert E. Elsen, The Sculpture of Henri Matisse (New York 1972), ill. p. 113, fig. 149;

    Donald E. Gordon, Modern Art Exhibitions 1900-1916 (Munich 1974), vol. 2, pp. 862-863;

    Fernando Gutierrez, "Matisse, o del color y de la gracia" (review of Madrid 1980), La Vanguardia (Barcelona), November 9, 1980, ill.;

    Pierre Schneider, Matisse, transl. by Michael Taylor and bridget Strevens Romer (Paris & New York 1984 and 1992), pp. 350-351 (ill.), 438; and revised edition, Pierre Schneider, Matisse (Paris & Lodnon 2002), ibid.;

    Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, The Sculpture of Henri Matisse, exh. cat. (London, Arts Council of Great Britain, 1984), ill. fig. 40, pp. 29-30, 149;

    Jack Flam, Matisse: The Man and His Art, 1869-1918 (Ithaca and London 1986), pp. 380, 383 (ill. fig. 380);

    Georges Duthuit, "Les tableaux qui nous entourent ce soir: Conférence au vernissage d'une exposition Matisse à la Galerie Paul Guillaume, le 8 octobre 1926" (lecture presented on the occasion of the Matisse exh. at Galerie Paul Guillaume in October 1926), in: Duthuit, Ecrits sur Matisse (Paris 1992), pp. 47, 50, 303 (n. 2) ;

    Walter Guadagnini. Matisse. Milan, 1993, p. 149, ill. (color).

    Sophie Monneret. Matisse. Paris, 1994, p. 99, no. 212, ill.

    Michèle C. Cone, "French Art of the Present in Hitler's Berlin," Art Bulletin, vol. 80, no. 3 (September 1998), pp. 556, 558, 563 (ill. fig. 9), 567 (n. 13);

    John Russell, Matisse: Father and Son (New York 1999), ill. p. 401;

    John H. Cauman, "Matisse and America, 1905-1933," Ph.D. diss., Graduate Center, City University of New York, 2000, pp. 257, 271, ill. fig. 2.8 (discusses the 1915 Montross exh. and its reviews in the American press);

    Holland Cotter, "Matisse the Son, Illuminating His father's Legacy" (review of MMA 2004), New York Times (May 14, 2004) p. E28;

    Magdalena Dabrowski, William S. Lieberman, and Sabine Rewald, "Selections from the Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection," Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol. 61, no. 4 (Spring 2004), ill. on cover;

    Pierre Schneider, "Pierre Matisse, The Fervent Ferryman," in: La Colección Pierre & Maria-Gaetana Matisse en The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York / The Pierre & Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, exh. cat., Museo Picasso, Malaga, 2007, p. 52;

    Gary Tinterow, ed., Masterpieces of European Painting, 1820-1920, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, exh. cat. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007), ill. p. 199, no. 184 (entry by Rebecca A. Rabinow), p. 275.

    Sabine Rewald in The American Matisse: The Dealer, His Artists, His Collection. The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection (New York, 2009), pp. 95-96, 160-61, ill.

  • See also