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Jeanne Hébuterne (1898–1920)

Amedeo Modigliani (Italian, Livorno 1884–1920 Paris)

Date:
1919
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
36 x 28 3/4 in. (91.4 x 73 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Nate B. Spingold, 1956
Accession Number:
56.184.2
  • Description

    Modigliani depicted his mistress, Jeanne Hébuterne (1898-1920), in more than twenty works but never in the nude. Her casual white chemise suggests modesty while also hiding her pregnancy. When Modigliani died from tuberculosis in 1920, Jeanne committed suicide the following day.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (upper right): modigliani

  • Provenance

    [Leopold Zborowski, Paris]; [Louis Libaude, Paris]; ?[Galerie Bing, Paris, in 1925]; Monsieur R. B. (until 1937; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, June 3, 1937, no. 18, as "Déshabillé au fauteuil," for Fr 30,000); Georges Hyordey, ?Paris (1937–possibly 1951); [Galerie Bing, Paris, until 1951; sold to Lindon]; [Jacques Lindon, New York, 1951; sold on September 26, 1951 to Spingold]; Mr. and Mrs. Nate B. Spingold, New York (1951–56; their gift to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Bing & Cie. "Modigliani," October 24–November 15, 1925, no. 4 or 19 (as "Madame Modigliani" or "Portrait de Madame Modigliani").

    London. Arthur Tooth & Sons Ltd. "Amedeo Modigliani, 1884–1920," March 17–April 9, 1938, no. 20 (as "Portrait d'Hébuterne assise," 1918).

    Paris. Galerie de France. "Modigliani, 1884–1920: Peintures," December 21, 1945–January 31, 1946, no. 30 (as "Portrait de Madame Hébuterne," 1918).

    New York. Paul Rosenberg & Co. "Collectors' Choice: Masterpieces of French Art from New York Private Collections," March 17–April 18, 1953, no. 26 (as "Portrait of Mme. Hébuterne," 1918, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Nate B. Spingold).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Nate and Frances Spingold Collection," March 23–June 19, 1960, unnumbered cat. (as "Jeanne Hébuterne").

    Edinburgh. Royal Scottish Academy. "Modigliani," August 17–September 15, 1963, no. 45 (as "Jeanne Hébuterne [en Chemise]").

    London. Tate Gallery. "Modigliani," September 28–November 3, 1963, no. 45.

    Waltham, Mass.. Dreitzer Gallery, Brandeis University. "Nate B. and Frances Spingold Collection," June 11–16, 1965, no catalogue.

    National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. "Modigliani," July 19–September 29, 1985, no. 124.

    Nagoya. Aichi Prefectural Art Gallery. "Modigliani," October 23–November 7, 1985, no. 124.

    Canberra. Australian National Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," March 1–April 27, 1986, unnumbered cat. (p. 37).

    Brisbane. Queensland Art Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," May 7–July 1, 1986, unnumbered cat.

    London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Italian Art in the 20th Century: Painting and Sculpture 1900–1988," January 14–April 9, 1989, no. 64 (as "Portrait of Jeanne Hébuterne").

    Kunstsammlung Nordrhein Westfalen, Düsseldorf. "Amedeo Modigliani. Malerei—Skulpturen—Zeichnungen," January 19–April 1, 1991, no. 88 (as "Bildnis Jeanne Hébuterne," 1918).

    Kunsthaus Zürich. "Amedeo Modigliani. Malerei—Skulpturen—Zeichnungen," April 19–July 7, 1991, no. 88.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895 1950," March 8–December 31, 2000, extended to January 14, 2001, unnumbered cat. (p. 41) [withdrawn early for Exh. Venice 2000].

    Venice. Fondazione Giorgio Cini. "Modigliani e i suoi: Jeanne Hébuterne, André Hébuterne, Georges Dorignac, Amedeo Modigliani," October 8–December 24, 2000, no. 142.

    Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," September 14–November 24, 2002, no. 35.

    Tokyo. Bunkamura Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 7, 2002–March 9, 2003, no. 35.

    New York. The Jewish Museum. "Modigliani: Beyond the Myth," May 21–September 19, 2004, unnumbered cat. (pl. 74).

    Washington. The Phillips Collection. "Modigliani: Beyond the Myth," February 19–May 29, 2005, unnumbered cat.

    London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Modigliani and His Models," July 8–October 15, 2006, no. 38.

    Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800 1920," February 4–May 6, 2007, no. 131.

    Berlin. Neue Nationalgalerie. "Französische Meisterwerke des 19. Jahrhunderts aus dem Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," June 1–October 7, 2007, unnumbered cat. (p. 261).

  • References

    J[acques]. L[assaigne]. "Une Rétrospective Modigliani." Panorama des arts (January 1946), ill. p. 11.

    Pierre Descargues. Amedeo Modigliani, 1884–1920. Paris, 1951, pl. 42.

    Paolo D'Ancona. Modigliani, Chagall, Soutine, Pascin: Some Aspects of Expressionism. Milan, 1953, pp. 23–25, ill. (color).

    Alfred M. Frankfurter. "Collectors and Million Dollar Taste." Art News 52 (March 1953), p. 25, ill.

    Arthur Pfannstiel. Modigliani et son œuvre. Paris, 1956, p. 153, no. 290.

    Ambrogio Ceroni. Amedeo Modigliani, peintre: Suivi des "souvenirs' de Lunia Czechowska. Milan, 1958, p. 69, no. 152, ill. (color).

    John Russell. Modigliani. Exh. cat., Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh., 1963, p. 21, no. 45, colorpl. 30.

    Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 3, XIX–XX Centuries. New York, 1967, p. 241, ill.

    Ambrogio Ceroni. I dipinti di Modigliani. Milan, 1970, pp. 104–5, no. 326, ill. [French ed., 1972].

    J[oseph]. Lanthemann. Modigliani, 1884–1920, catalogue raisonné: Sa vie, son œuvre complet, son art. Barcelona, 1970, p. 131, no. 347, ill. p. 251.

    Bernard Zürcher. Modigliani. London, 1981, pp. 23–24, 31, colorpl. 69.

    Claude Roy. Modigliani. 2nd rev. ed [1st ed., 1958]. New York, 1985, p. 96, ill. p. 126 (color).

    Terence Measham in 20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., Australian National Gallery. Canberra, 1986, p. 37, ill. (color) and back cover (color).

    Thérèse Castieau Barrielle. La Vie et l'œuvre de Amedeo Modigliani. Paris, 1987, p. 220, ill. (color).

    Gary Tinterow et al. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 8, Modern Europe. New York, 1987, p. 125, colorpl. 103.

    Christian Parisot. Modigliani: Catalogue raisonné. Vol. 2, Peintures, dessins, aquarelles. Ed. Giorgio and Guido Guastalla. Livorno, 1991, pp. 340–41, no. 11/1919, ill. p. 240.

    Osvaldo Patani. Amedeo Modigliani: Catalogo generale. Vol. 1, Dipinti. Milan, 1991, p. 328, no. 338, ill. (color).

    Anette Kruszynski. Amedeo Modigliani: Portraits and Nudes. Munich, 1996, pp. 74, 119, ill. p. 71 (color detail).

    The Reader's Digest Collection. Sotheby's, New York. November 16, 1998, p. 106, under no. 25, fig. 4 (color).

    Christian Parisot et al. in Modigliani e i suoi: Jeanne Hébuterne, André Hébuterne, Georges Dorignac, Amedeo Modigliani. Exh. cat., Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice. Borgaro Torinese, 2000, pp. 227–28, 236, no. 142, ill. p. 215 (color).

    Kathleen Brunner in Modigliani and His Models. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 2006, p. 150.

    Jeffrey Meyers. Modigliani: A Life. Orlando, 2006, p. 210.

    Christian Parisot. Modigliani: La Vita le opere. Rome, 2006, ill. p. 287 (color).

    Sabine Rewald in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, pp. 176, 237, no. 131, ill. (color and bw).

    Sabine Rewald in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 208, 278–79, no. 192, ill. (color and bw).

    Marc Restellini. Le Silence éternel: Modigliani Hébuterne 1916–1919. Paris, [2008], p. 142.

    Christoph Vitali, ed. Amedeo Modigliani: Ein Mythos der Moderne. Exh. cat., Kunst und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn. Cologne, 2009, pp. 128, 182, no. 117, ill. (color).

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