Plant stand

Otto Prutscher (Austrian, Vienna 1880–1949 Vienna)

Beissbarth & Hoffmann (Mannheim-Rheinau, Germany)
Wood, metal, paint
H. 36-1/2, W. 15-3/4 in. (92.7 x 40 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift, 1993
Accession Number:
  • Description

    At the turn of the century a number of avant-garde Viennese designers made an abrupt switch from the flowing organic lines of Jugendstil and Art Nouveau to a strict yet vigorous geometry. In 1903 these designers banded together to form the Wiener Werkstätte ("Vienna Workshops"), a designers' cooperative under the direction of the noted architect and designer Josef Hoffmann. Founded on the principles of the Arts and Crafts movement, the Wiener Werkstätte strove to provide a range of well-designed, often handmade products for a sophisticated audience and indeed could supply everything from an architectural setting to the smallest decorative accessory. Outside manufacturers were frequently used to produce and distribute designs that the Wiener Werkstätte was unable to realize in their own studios. The renown of the workshops was such that by the early 1920s they had opened branches in Paris, Zurich, and New York.

    Otto Prutscher was a prominent member of the Wiener Werkstätte and a former student of Hoffmann. This plant stand, as well as a number of designs for similar plant stands by Prutscher, was produced by Beißbarth & Hoffmann AG, a manufacturer in Mannheim-Rheinau, Germany. Its architectonic design represents a particularly advanced take on the new geometry. The black-and-white checkerboard of painted squares is echoed in the alternating tiers of square cachepots. The motif is similar to one employed at the time in Glasgow by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, whose work was well known and admired in Vienna.

  • Exhibition History

    Scotland: Glasgow Museums, McLellan Galleries, May 25 - September 30, 1996. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, November 19, 1996 - February 16, 1997. Illinois: The Art Institute of Chicago, March 29 - June 22, 1997. California: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, August 3 - October 12, 1997. ¦Charles Rennie Mackintosh¦. Not illustrated in catalogue.

    A Century of Design, Part I: 1900-1925, MMA, December 14, 1999 - March 26, 2000.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History