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At the Lapin Agile

Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France )

Date:
1905
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
39 x 39 1/2 in. (99.1 x 100.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Walter H. and Leonore Annenberg Collection, Gift of Walter H. and Leonore Annenberg, 1992, Bequest of Walter H. Annenberg, 2002
Accession Number:
1992.391
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2014 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • Description

    In this celebrated work, now an icon of life in bohemian Paris at the turn of the last century, Picasso depicts himself dressed as a Harlequin. He is accompanied by his recent lover Germaine Pichot. Previously, she had been the fatal obsession of Picasso's great friend Casagemas, who committed suicide in 1901. The painting was commissioned by Frédé Gérard—seen playing guitar in the background—for his Montmartre cabaret, Le Lapin Agile, where it was the only work by Picasso on permanent view in Paris from 1905 until 1912, when it was sold to a German collector.

  • Provenance

    Frédéric (Frédé) Gérard, Paris (acquired from the artist in 1905; sold in 1912); Alfred Flechtheim, Düsseldorf (1912–14; sold in August 1914 for 7,000 marks, through Nils Dardel, to de Maré); Rolf de Maré, Hildesborg, Sweden, and Paris (1914–52; sold in 1952 for $40,000); [César Mange de Hauke, New York and Hector Brame, Paris, June 10–August 5, 1952; sold to Knoedler]; [Knoedler and Co., New York, August 5–September 1952; sold, reportedly for $60,000, to Payson]; Joan Whitney Payson (Mrs Charles Shipman Payson), Manhasset, New York (1952–d. 1975); her daughter, Mrs. Vincent (Lorinda) de Roulet, Manhasset (1975–89; sale, Sotheby's, New York, November 15, 1989, no. 31, to Annenberg); Walter H. and Leonore Annenberg, Rancho Mirage, California (1989–92; owned jointly with MMA, 1992–his d. 2002; his bequest to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    Munich. Moderne Galerie (Heinrich Thannhauser). "Ausstellung Pablo Picasso," February 1913, no. 15.

    Cologne. Rheinische Kunstsalon (Otto Feldmann). "Pablo Picasso," March–April, 1913, no. 15.

    Berlin. Ausstellunghaus am Kurfürstendamm. "Herbstausstellung," December 1913, no. 163.

    Föreningen för Nutida Konst. "Rolf de Marés Samling: Franska kubister," February 22–March 25, 1947, no. 70.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Impressionist and Modern Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 11–September 29,1957, no catalogue.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 1–September 1, 1958, no. 102.

    Marseilles. Musée Cantini. "Picasso," May 11–July 31, 1959, no. 6.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 6–September 6, 1960, no. 86.

    Knoedler and Co., New York. "Picasso, an American Tribute: Benefit Exhibition for the Public Education Association," April 25–May 12, 1962, no. 16.

    Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. "Picasso: Two Concurrent Retrospective Exhibitions," February 8–March 26, 1967, no. 8.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "New York Collects: Paintings, Watercolors, and Sculpture from Private Collections," July 3–September 2, 1968, no. 148.

    New York, Wildenstein & Co. "Modern portraits: The Self and Others; an Exhibition Organized by the Department of Art History and Archaeology of Columbia University in the City of New York," October 20–November 28, 1976, no. 94.

    Wellesley, Mass. Wellesley College Museum, Jewett Art Center. "One Century: Wellesley Families Collect," April 15–May 30, 1978, no. 53.

    Kyoto Municipal Museum. "From Goya to Wyeth: The Joan Whitney Payson Collection," September 13–October 12, 1980, no. 66.

    Tokyo. Isetan Museum of Art. "From Goya to Wyeth: The Joan Whitney Payson Collection," October 17–December 9, 1980, no. 66.

    National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection," May 6–August 5, 1990, unnumbered cat. (p. 118).

    Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection," August 16–November 11, 1990, unnumbered cat.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection," June 4–October 13, 1991, unnumbered cat.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions," October 24, 2008–February 1, 2009, online catalogue.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Picasso in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 27–August 1, 2010, no. 25.

  • References

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    1900–1906. Greenwich, Conn., 1967, pp. 253, 263, 336, no. XII.23, ill.

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    Theodore Reff. "Harlequins, Saltimbanques, Clowns, and Fools." Artforum 10 (October 1971), pp. 36, 38, fig. 10.

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    Jean François Rodriguez. "Picasso à la Biennale de Venise(1905–1948): Sur deux letters de Picasso à Ardengo
    Soffici." Atti dell'Instituti Veneto di Scienze, Letter ed Arti 143 (1984–85), p. 50.

    Ronald Alley. Picasso: The Three Dancers. London, 1986, pp. 20–21, 27 n. 36, fig. 35.

    Martin Green and John Swan. The Triumph of Pierrot: The Commedia dell'Arte and the Modern Imagination.
    New York, 1986, p. 167.

    Pierre Daix. Picasso créateur: La Vie intime et l'oeuvre. Paris, 1987, pp. 42, 55, fig. 14.

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    Düsseldorf. Düsseldorf, 1987, pp. 40–42, under n. 23, ill.

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    Rita Reif. "A Rose Period Picasso Is to Be Auctioned." New York Times (September 8, 1989), p. C16, ill.

    Rita Reif. "Walter Annenberg Buys a Picasso Painting for $40.7 Million." New York Times (November 16, 1989), p. C23, ill.

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    1991, pp. 368–69, 371–73, 510 nn. 8–9, p. 511 n. 12, ill.

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    Gósol. Exh. cat., Museu Picasso. Barcelona, 1992, pp. 39–41, 126.

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    17–18. pl. 6.

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    1992, p. 128, ill.

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    Iberian Arts. Ed. Margaret A. Rees. Leeds, 1994, pp. 258–59, 277, 280, fig. 3.

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    Kunsthandel; 20 Werke. Eds. Heiko Andreas and Wolfgang Wittrock. Düsseldorf, [1994], pp. 13, 23, ill.

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    Museum of Modern Art, New York. New York, 1996, pp. 130–31, 176, n. 20, ill.

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    1998, pp. 90, 92 n. 31, ill.

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    Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Washington, D. C., 2000, pp. 188, 507 n. 43.

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    Dan Franck. The Bohemians: The Birth of Modern Art, Paris, 1900–1930. London, 2001, p. 63.

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    André Roussard. Dictionnaire des lieux à Montmartre. Paris, 2001, p. 198.

    Daniel Bonthoux and Bernard Jégo. Montmartre: Bals et cabarets au temps de Bruant et Lautrec. Exh. cat.,
    Musée de Montmartre. Paris, 2002, p. 44, ill.

    Elizabeth Cowling. Picasso: Style and Meaning. London, 2002, pp. 27–28, 29–30, 117–18, 131, fig. 5.

    Lisa Appignanesi. The Cabaret. rev. ed. New Haven and London, 2004, pp. 80–82, ill.

    Impressionist and Modern Art (Evening Sale). Christie's, New York. November 3, 2004, p. 38, under no. 9.

    Jean Clair. The Great Parade: Portrait of the Artist as a Clown. Exh. cat., Grand Palais, Paris. New Haven, 2004,
    pp. 145, 373.

    André Salmon. Souvenirs sans fin (1903–1940). Paris, 2004, p. 912.Michael FitzGerald. Picasso and American Art. Exh. cat., Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, 2006,
    pp. 315, 327 n. 175.

    Asher Ethan Miller in Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant Garde. Ed. Rebecca A
    Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2006, p. 386, under no. 145.

    Pierre Daix. Pablo Picasso. Paris, 2007, pp. 56, 88, 119, 567 n. 8.

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    York, 2007, pp. 203, 288, no. 188, ill.

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    .
    Erik Näslund. Rolf de Maré: Fondateur des ballets suédois, collectionneur d'art, créateur de museé. Arles and
    Stockholm, 2008, pp. 102–3, 106, 160–61, 480–81, 595 n. 1, p. 603 nn. 40–45, 604 under 1914, ill.

    Karen Wilkin. "Homage at the Metropolitan." New Criterion 27 (December 2008), p. 6.

    • Joseph J. Rishel in Masterpieces of Impressionism and Post Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. Eds.
    Susan Alyson Stein and Asher Ethan Miller. 4th rev. ed. [1st ed., 1989]. New York, 2009, pp. ix, xii, 276–80, no.
    52, ill.
    • The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York, 2012, p. 399, ill. (color).
    • Eduard Vallès in Yo Picasso. Self Portraits. Exh. cat., Museu Picasso. Barcelona, 2013, pp. 83–84, 86, fig. 3
    (color).

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