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Fishing Boats, Collioure

André Derain (French, Chatou 1880–1954 Garches)

Date:
1905
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
31 7/8 x 39 1/2 in. (81 x 100.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Raymonde Paul, in memory of her brother, C. Michael Paul, and Purchase, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift, 1982
Accession Number:
1982.179.29
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • Description

    In the summer of 1905 André Derain, then twenty-five, left Paris for a two-month sojourn with his friend Henri Matisse. They settled in the small fishing town of Collioure, on the southwest coast of France near the Spanish border. The painters had first met in Eugène Carrière's Paris studio in 1899, and it was with Matisse's help that Derain had received his parents' permission to pursue a career in art. During the summer in Collioure the two men discussed art theory and painted canvases filled with bright light, high color, and exuberant, often broken brushwork. Along with Maurice de Vlaminck, they were the major proponents of a short-lived movement known as Fauvism. (The term "Fauves"—"Wild Beasts"—was attached to these artists when their innovative work shocked and offended the sensibilities of viewers at the 1905 Salon d'Automne exhibition in Paris.)


    Although Matisse and Derain worked closely in Collioure and painted similar scenes, their styles remained distinct. A painting like "Fishing Boats, Collioure" vividly illustrates Derain's characteristic use of dramatic perspective and diagonal recession into space. We take in the entire panorama from a high vantage point: busy figures on the shore, rocking boats and sails, and the majestic blue and green mountains anchored in the background and capped by billowy pink clouds. The curved shoreline and rhythmic arrangement of overlapping sails lead our eye into the picture. Two seated men, surrogates for the viewer, observe the energetic scene. Derain's palette is Fauvist: vibrant and unnatural. One senses, however, his growing dissatisfaction with this style of painting. The discordant mixture of divisionist brushwork and flat painting and the insistence on heavily outlined images to enhance volumetric form seem contrived and angry. Indeed, Derain was soon to purge himself of Fauvism's impetuosity and go on to produce austere, monochromatic, Cubist-inspired works, several of which are in the Museum's collection.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (lower right): a Derain

  • Provenance

    the artist (presumably one of eighty nine paintings and eighty works on paper sold on November 23, 1905, for Fr 3,300, to Vollard); [Ambroise Vollard, Paris, from 1905]; Stephen Higgins, Paris (by 1962–63; consigned on November 29, 1962 to Knoedler, New York; sold by Knoedler on February 3, 1963 to Miller); Alfred N. Miller, Montreal (from 1963); sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, October 28, 1970, no. 33, as "Port de pêche, Collioure," to Paul; C. Michael Paul, New York (1970–d. 1982; gift of his sister, Raymonde Paul, to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie Charpentier. "XXVIIème Salon des Tuileries," 1952, no. 262 (as "Collioure").

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Selection One," February 1–April 1985, no catalogue.

    Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art. "Landscape Painting in the East and West," April 19–June 1, 1986, no. 36.

    Kobe City Museum. "Landscape Painting in the East and West," June 7–July 13, 1986, no catalogue.

    Yokohama Museum of Art. "Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century," March 25–June 4, 1989, no. 157.

    Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "The Fauve Landscape," October 4–December 30, 1990, unnumbered cat. (pl. 288).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Fauve Landscape," February 19–May 5, 1991, unnumbered cat.

    London. Royal Academy of Arts. "The Fauve Landscape," June 10–September 1, 1991, unnumbered cat.

    Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. "André Derain: Le peintre du 'trouble moderne'," November 18, 1994–March 19, 1995, no. 23 (as "Voiliers à Collioure").

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895 1950," March 8, 2000–January 14, 2001, unnumbered cat. (p. 62).

    Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," September 14–November 24, 2002, no. 8.

    Tokyo. Bunkamura Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 7, 2002–March 9, 2003, no. 8.

    Le Cateau Cambrésis. Musée Matisse. "Matisse Derain: Collioure 1905, un été fauve," October 22, 2005–January 22, 2006, no. 61 (as "Bateaux, Pêcheurs, Collioure").

    Copenhagen. Statens Museum for Kunst. "André Derain: An Outsider in French Art," February 10–May 13, 2007, no. 7.

    Museum Folkwang Essen. "Im Farbenrausch: Munch, Matisse und die Expressionisten," September 29, 2012–January 13, 2013, no. 11 (as "Segelboote in Collioure").

  • References

    "Derain Port Scene Sold for $225,000." New York Times (October 29, 1970), p. 46.

    Lisa M. Messinger. "Twentieth Century Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1982–1983. New York, 1983, p. 61, ill. (color).

    Lisa M. Messinger in Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century. Exh. cat., Yokohama Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1989, pp. 195–96, no. 157, ill. (color).

    Michel Kellermann. André Derain: Catalogue Raisonné de l'œuvre peint. Vol. 1, 1895–1914. Paris, 1992, p. 36, no. 59, ill.

    Miriam Simon in André Derain: Le peintre du "trouble moderne". Exh. cat., Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. Paris, 1994, pp. 114, 467, no. 23, ill. p. 119 (color).

    Jean Louis Ferrier. The Fauves: The Reign of Color. Paris, 1995, ill. p. 81 (color).

    Joséphine Matamoros in Matisse Derain: Collioure 1905, un été fauve. Exh. cat., Musée départemental d'Art moderne, Céret. [Paris], 2005, pp. 17, 289 n. 32, p. 295, no. 61, ill. p. 131 (color).

    Dorthe Aagesen in André Derain: An Outsider in French Art. Exh. cat., Statens Museum for Kunst. [Copenhagen], 2007, p. 79, no. 7, ill. p. 67 (color).

    Isabelle Monod Fontaine in André Derain: An Outsider in French Art. Exh. cat., Statens Museum for Kunst. [Copenhagen], 2007, p. 18.

    Rebecca A. Rabinow in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 196–97, 248, no. 181, ill. (color and bw).

    Sandra Gianfreda in Im Farbenrausch: Munch, Matisse und die Expressionisten. Exh. cat., Museum Folkwang Essen. Essen, 2012, pp. 139, 291, no. 11, ill. p. 143 (color).

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