Quantcast

Studies for the Libyan Sibyl (recto); Studies for the Libyan Sibyl and a small Sketch for a Seated Figure (verso)

Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome)

Date:
ca. 1510–11
Medium:
Red chalk, with small accents of white chalk on the left shoulder of the figure in the main study (recto); soft black chalk, or less probably charcoal (verso)
Dimensions:
sheet: 11 3/8 x 8 7/16 in. (28.9 x 21.4 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1924
Accession Number:
24.197.2
  • Description

    This is the most magnificent drawing by Michelangelo in the United States. A male studio assistant posed for the anatomical study, which was preparatory for the Libyan Sibyl, one of the female seers frescoed on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (Vatican Palace) in 1508-12. In the fresco, the figure is clothed except for her powerful shoulders and arms, and has an elaborately braided coiffure. Michelangelo used the present sheet to explore the elements that were crucial in the elegant resolution of the figure's pose, especially the counterpoint twist of shoulders and hips and the manner of weight-bearing on her toe. Recent research shows that this sheet of studies was owned by the Buonarroti family soon after Michelangelo's death. The "no. 21" inscribed on the verso of the sheet (at lower center) fits precisely into a numerical sequence found on many other drawings by the artist that have this early Buonarroti family provenance.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: On recto, annotated in pen and light brown ink at lower left: "di Michel Angelo bona Roti"; annotated at upper right: "58"; unidentified paraph annotated in pen and darker brown ink at lower center. On verso, annotated in pen and brown ink at upper right: "58"; annotated by early 16th century hand at lower center, following the same numbering system of the Michelangelo drawings in the Buonarroti family: "nº.2i".

    Marking: Unidentified paraph in pen and dark brown ink at lower center. According to catalog card: "Not in Lugt, but close to Mrks of E. Jabach (see Ref. Dussler)."

  • Provenance

    Buonarroti family (Italian), Florence; Carlo Maratti (Italian, Camerano 1625–1713 Rome); Andrea Procaccini (Italian, Rome 1671–1734 La Granja de San Ildefonso); Aureliano de Beruete (Madrid); Isabel de Regoyos (Madrid)

  • Exhibition History

    National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.. "Michelangelo Draftsman (Washington, D.C.)".

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," May 6, 1996–July 28, 1996.

    Graphische Sammlung Albertina. "Michelangelo: The Drawings of a Genius (Vienna)," October 7, 2010–January 9, 2011.

  • Catalogue Raisonné

    Dussler 1959, no. 339 (Attributed to Michelangelo); Tolnay, I, 1975, no. 156r & v; Bean and Turcic 1982, no. 131; Perrig 1991, pp. 22, 26, 30, 50-51, 58, 132 nn. 167-68 fig. 8.

  • References

    Miguel Utrillo "De la colección Beruete." Forma. vol. 2, Barcelona, 1907, fig. no. 198, pp. 193-98, ill.

    Henry Thode Michelangelo. Kritische Untersuchungen über seine Werke. G. Grote, vol. 1, Berlin, 1908, fig. no. LVI, pp. 167, 254, 37.

    Karl Frey Die Handzeichnungen Michelangelos Buonarroti. vols. 1, 3, Berlin, 1909, fig. no. 4, 5 (vol. 3), pp. 2-4 (vol. 1), ill.

    Joseph Meder Die Handzeichnung, Ihre Technik und Entwicklung. Vienna, 1919, fig. no. fig. 167, p. 409., ill.

    Heinrich Leporini Die Stilentwicklung der Handzeichnung: XIV. bis XVII. Jahrhundert. vols. 14-18, Vienna, 1925, cat. no. 138, fig. no. 138, p. 60, ill.

    A. E. Brinckmann Michelangelo Zeichnungen. Munich, 1925, cat. no. 32, fig. no. 32, p. 33, ill.

    Bryson Burroughs "Drawings by Michelangelo for the Libyan Sibyl." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. vol. 20, New York, January 1925, fig. no. 1, pp. 6-14, ill.

    Bernard Berenson The Drawings of the Florentine Painters. 3 vols., amplified edition. Chicago, 1938, fig. no. 631, pp. 194-95, ill.

    Sir Richard C. Jebb, A. Hyatt Mayor "The Classical Renaissance." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 35, New York, November 1940, p. 95, ill.

    Walter Mehring European Drawings from the Collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Portfolio of Collotype Reproductions [Vol. 1: Italian Drawings; Vol. 2: Flemish, Dutch, German, Spanish, French, and British drawings; Vol. 3: "New Series": Italian, Flemish, Dutch, German, Spanish, French, and British drawings]. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 3 vols., New York, 1942-1944, also N.S., no. 6., cat. no. 116, 17v (vol.1), fig. no. 16, 17v, ill.

    Charles De Tolnay Michelangelo. 5 vols., Princeton, 1943-1960, Vol. 2 [published in 1945]: "The Sistine Ceiling.", cat. no. 46 (r), 13A (v), fig. no. 80, 236, pp. 61, 204, 209, ill.

    "Some Italian Drawings in The Metropolitan Museum." Connoisseur. vol. 110, New York, January 1943, fig. no. 4, p. 149, ill.

    Reginald Marsh Anatomy for Artists. New York, 1945, p. 108, ill.

    A. Hyatt Mayor, John Goldsmith Phillips "Notes: The Renaissance Galleries." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 5, no. 3, New York, November 1946, p. 95, ill.

    Hans Tietze European Master Drawings in the United States. J. J. Augustin, New York, 1947, fig. no. 38, pp. 76-77, ill.

    Fogg Museum, Harvard Art Museums Seventy Master Drawings: A Loan Exhibition Arranged in Honor of Professor Paul J. Sachs on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday Exh. cat., November 27, 1948 - January 6, 1949. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1948.

    A. E. Popham, Johannes Wilde The Italian Drawings of the XV and XVI centuries. London, 1949, cat. no. 486, p. 268.

    Robert Oertel "Rezensionen: Italienische Meisterzeichnungen." Kunstchronik. vol. 2, Munich, 1949, pp. 263-64.

    One Hundred Master Drawings [to accompany "Seventy master drawings," a loan exhibition at the Fogg Museum of Art, Nov. 1948-Jan. 1949, held on the occasion of the 70th birthday of Paul J. Sachs, and 30 additional drawings from the museum's collections]
    . edited by Agnes Mongan, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1949, pp. 28-29, ill.

    Diamond Jubilee Exhibition: Masterpieces of Drawings. Exh. cat., November 4, 1950 - February 11, 1951. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 1950, cat. no. 32.

    Ludwig Goldscheider Michelangelo Drawings. Phaidon Press, London Edition (1st ed). London, 1951, fig. no. 30, ill.

    Art Treasures of the Metropolitan: A Selection from the European and Asiatic Collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Harry N. Abrams, Inc., New York, 1952, fig. no. 59, pp. 67, 222, ill.

    Johannes Wilde Italian Drawings in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum: Michelangelo and His Studio. London, 1953, pp. 26, 101.

    Karl Theodore Parker Catalogue of the Collection of Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford: Vol. II: Italian Schools. Oxford, 1956, cat. no. 297 (under), p. 141.

    Brune Hogarth Dynamic Anatomy. New York, 1958, fig. no. 55, p. 55, ill.

    Luitpold Dussler Die Zeichnungen des Michelangelo. Berlin, 1959, cat. no. 339, fig. no. 39, 174, ill.

    Bernard Berenson, Luisa Vertova I disegni dei pittori fiorentini. 3 vols., Revised and enlarged. Milan, 1961, cat. no. 1544D, fig. no. 564, 565, ill.

    Winslow Ames Great Drawings of All Time. Volume I: Italian, Thirteenth through Nineteenth Century. Edited by Ira Moskowitz, vol. 1, New York, 1962, cat. no. 192, fig. no. 192, ill.

    Robert Beverly Hale Drawing Lessons from the Great Masters: 100 Great Drawings Analyzed – Figure Drawing Fundamentals Defined. New York, 1964, fig. no. 101, pp. 100-101, ill.

    Paola Barocchi Drawings of Michelangelo (Italian edition). Italian edition. New York, 1964, cat. no. 24, fig. no. 24, ill.

    Jacob Bean 100 European Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York Graphic Society, New York, 1964, cat. no. 10, fig. no. 10, ill.

    Jacob Bean, Felice Stampfle Drawings from New York Collections, Vol. I: The Italian Renaissance. Ex. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1965, cat. no. 36, fig. no. 36, p. 34, ill.

    Paola Barocchi Drawings of Michelangelo (English edition). English edition. New York, 1965, p. 24, ill.

    Ludwig Goldscheider Michelangelo Drawings. Phaidon Press, New York Graphic Society, 2nd edition. Greenwich, CT, 1966, fig. no. 39, p. 39, ill.

    James Watrous The Craft of Old Master Drawings. Madison, Wisconsin and London, 1967, pp. 96-97, ill.

    Charles De Tolnay Michelangelo [2nd printing of De Tolnay 1943-1960]. 5 vols., Princeton, 1969-1971, Vol. 2 [published in 1969]: "The Sistine Ceiling.", cat. no. 46 (r), 13A (v), fig. no. 80, 236, pp. 61, 204, 209, ill.

    Frederick Hartt Michelangelo Drawings. Harry N. Abrams, Inc. , New York, New York, 1970, fig. no. 87-88, 100, pp. 83-84, ill.

    Sir Kenneth Clark Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. Exh. cat., November 14, 1970 - February 14, 1971. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, E. P. Dutton and Company, New York, 1970, fig. no. 219, p. 222.

    Howard Hibbard Michelangelo. 2. New York, 1974, fig. no. 77, pp. 128-129, ill.

    Charles De Tolnay Corpus dei Disegni di Michelangelo. 4 vols., Novara, 1975-1980, cat. no. 156 r-v, fig. no. 156 r-v, p. 116 (vol.1), ill.

    John Gere Drawings by Michelangelo. An exhibition held in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum, February to April 1975. London, 1975, cat. no. 20.

    Paola Barocchi, Charles De Tolnay Drawings of Michelangelo. 103 Drawings in Facsimile. New York, 1975, fig. no. 24, p. 24, ill.

    Anthony Bailey "The Master of the Nude Male Body in Action," review of exhibition Drawings of Michelangelo." Art View: The New York Sunday Times. March 2, 1975. New York, 1975, p. 33, ill.

    Alexander Perrig Michelangelo Studien. Kunstwissenschaftliche Studien, 3 vols., Frankfurt, 1976-1977, fig. no. 21, pl. 54, pp. 42, 61,72-3, ill.

    Michelangelo Life Drawings: 46 Works. Dover Art Library, New York, 1979, Cover and p.15, ill.

    David Rosand "The Elusive Michelangelo" Review: Morgan Library's exhibition of Michelangelo drawings." Art News. vol. 78, no. 6, New York, Summer 1979, p. 49, ill.

    Michelangelo and His World with Drawings from the British Museum. Exh. cat., The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Morgan Library & Museum, New York, 1979, pp. 2, 11.

    Edward J. Olszewski The Draftsman's Eye: Late Italian Renaissance Schools and Styles. Exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art. Cleveland Museum of Art, March 6 - April 22, 1979. Cleveland, 1981, fig. no. XVI, pp. 10, 82, ill.

    Manuela B. Mena Marqués La procedencia del dibujo de la Sibila Líbica de Miguel Angel en el Metropolitan Museum de Nueva York. Miscelanea de arte. Madrid, 1982, fig. no. 1, pp. 90-94, ill.

    Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turcic 15th and 16th Century Italian Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982, cat. no. 131, fig. no. 131, p. 137, ill.

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. Edited by John P. O'Neill, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, English, Italian, French, and Japanese. New York, 1983, fig. no. 6, p. 133, ill.

    James Byam Shaw "Review of an exhibition of 15th and 16th Century Italian Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." in Master Drawings. vol. 21, no. 4, New York, Winter 1983-1984, p. 412, note 5.

    Francisco Calvo Serraller Aureliano de Beruete, 1845-1912, y la Cultura Artística de la Restauración. Ex. cat. Madrid, 1983, pp. 36-37.

    Bert W. Meijer I Grandi disegni italiani del Teylers Museum di Haarlem. Ex. cat. Milan, 1985, p. 23.

    Michael Hirst Michelangelo Draftsman. Exh. cat., Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art (Oct. 9 - Dec. 11, 1988), organized in association with the Casa Buonarroti, Florence and the Royal Library, Windsor Castle, and Olivetti. National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., Washington, D.C., 1988, cat. no. 16, fig. no. 43, pp. 42-43, ill.

    Michael Hirst Michelangelo and His Drawings.. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1988, p. 67.

    Michael Joyce, Alexander Perrig Michelangelo's Drawings: The Science of Attribution. New Haven and London, 1991, fig. no. 8, pp. 22, 26, ill.

    Monique Nicole Kornell Artists and the Study of Anatomy in Sixteenth-Century Italy. [Ph.D. dissertation]. PhD diss., 1992 fig. no. 154, pp. 162-63, ill.

    Nathan Goldstein Figure Drawing: The Structure, Anatomy, and Expressive Design of the Human Form. 5 Edition. New Jersey, 1992, fig. no. 3.20, pp. 88-91, ill.

    Charles Hope "Michelangelo, True or False?" Review: Michelangelo's Drawings: The Science of Attribution (by Alexander Perrig)." New York Review of Books. March 26. New York, 1992, pp. 44-46, ill.

    Philippe de Montebello Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Barbara Burn et al., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1993, p. 110, ill.

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art Exhibitions and Programs Calendar, March - April 1993. Ruth Gales, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 25, no. 5, New York, March-April, 1993, p. 5, ill.

    Flavio Fergonzi, Maria Mimita Lamberti, Pina Ragionieri, Christopher Riopelle Rodin and Michelangelo: A Study in Artistic Inspiration. Ex. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, March 30 - June 22, 1997, cat. no. 39, pp. 176-179.

    Paul Joannides Michelangelo and His Influence: Drawings from Windsor Castle Exh. cat. Washington, National Gallery of Art and elsew. (1997-1998). 1997, fig. no. fig. 88, p. 148, ill.

    Carmen C. Bambach "Review: Michelangelo's Drawings: The Science of Attribution (by Alexander Perrig)." Master Drawings. vol. 35, New York, 1997, pp. 69-70.

    Horst Woldemar Janson History of Art. Edited and enlarged by Antony F. Janson, 5 Edition. New York, 1997, fig. no. 8, p. 27, pp. 26-28, ill.

    Horst Woldemar Janson History of Art for Young People. Edited and englarge by Antony F. Janson, New York, 1997, fig. no. 4, pp. 17-19, ill.

    William E. Wallace Michelangelo: The Complete Sculpture, Paintings and Architecture. Group West, Hugh Lauter Levin Associates, Inc., Hong Kong, 1998, fig. no. 168, p. 168, ill.

    Carmen C. Bambach Drawing and Painting in the Italian Renaissance Workshop: Theory and Practice, 1300-1600. New York and Cambridge, 1999, p. 453 (n. 219).

    Carmen C. Bambach Leonardo da Vinci: Master Draftsman. Exh. cat.: January 22 - March 30, 2003. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale University Press , New Haven and London, 2003, (entry by Carmen C. Bambach), fig. no. 25, pp. 35-36, ill.

    Hugo Chapman Michelangelo Drawings: Close to the Master. Ex. cat. British Museum, Teylers Museum, 2005, 134-137.

    Anne Marie Logan, Michiel C. Plomp Peter Paul Rubens: The Drawings. Ex. cat.: January 15 - April 3, 2005; also Albertina, Vienna, 2004. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2005, cat. no. 3, pp. 66-69, ill.

    Cristina Acidini-Luchinat Michelangelo pittore. Milan, 2007, pp. 188, 209, note 161.

    Paul Joannides The Drawings of Michelangelo and His Follwers in the Ashmolean Museum. Cambridge University Press, 2007, cat. no. 18 (under), pp. 32, 36, 51, 120-2, 125-6.

    Frank Zöllner, Thomas Pöpper, Christof Thoenes Michelangelo 1475-1564: Complete Works. 2008, fig. no. 69 (recto), p. 528, ill.

    David Franklin From Raphael to Carracci: The Art of Papal Rome. Ex. cat., The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Ottawa, 2009, (entry by Carmen C. Bambach), cat. no. 10, fig. no. 10, pp. 96-99, ill.

    Achim Gnann Michelangelo: The Drawings of a Genius. Ex. cat. Graphische Sammlung Albertina, 2010, cat. no. 41, pp. 150-153, ill.

    Pietro C. Marani, Pina Ragionieri Leonardo e Michelangelo: Capolavori della grafica e studi romani. Exh. cat., Musei Capitolini, Rome. Cinisello Balsamo, Milan, 2011, fig. no. fig. 7, p. 130, ill.

    Domenico Laurenza "Art and anatomy in Renaissance Italy : Images from a Scientific Revolution." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. Vol. 69, no. 3, New York, Winter 2012, fig. no. figs. 15-16, pp. 14-15.



  • See also
337497

Close