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Vessel stand with ibex support

Period:
Early Dynastic III
Date:
ca. 2600–2350 B.C.
Geography:
Mesopotamia
Culture:
Sumerian
Medium:
Copper alloy, inlaid with shell and lapis lazuli
Dimensions:
H. 15 3/4 x W. 9 1/4 x D. 9 7/16 in. (40 x 23.5 x 23.9 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Sculpture
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1974
Accession Number:
1974.190
  • Description

    Temple rituals during the Early Dynastic period included making offerings of food, drink, and probably incense to the gods. This stand, with four rings supported by a magnificent ibex, would have supported lamps or bowls holding offerings or incense and may have been used in temple or in banquet rituals.


    This stand was made by a sophisticated method of metalwork known as the lost-wax technique. The desired image was sculpted in wax and surrounded with clay that hardened into a mold when baked. When the mold was fired, the wax was melted and "lost," leaving a negative space that corresponded to the wax image. Molten metal was then poured into the cavity to form a reproduction of the original wax model.

  • Provenance

    [By 1950, Elias David, New York]; 1969-1974, Mrs. Elias S. David; acquired by the Museum in 1974, purchased from Mrs. Elias S. David, New York.

  • References

    Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 105 (Jul. 1,1974 - Jun. 30, 1975), p. 42.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1975. Notable Acquisitions: 1965-1975. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 40.

    Hibbard, Howard. 1980. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Harper and Row, p. 50, fig. 102.

    Moorey, P.R.S. 1982 "The Archaeological Evidence for Metallurgy and Related Technologies in Mesopotamia, c. 5500-2100 B.C." Iraq 44 (1), p. 28, pl. Ib.

    Harper, Prudence O. 1983. In The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department, exh. cat. Tokyo: Chunichi Shimbun, no. 9.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1983. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 52, fig. 17.

    Harper, Prudence O. et al. 1984. "Ancient Near Eastern Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 41 (4), Spring 1984, p. 44, fig. 60.

    Porter, Barbara A. 1986. Art of the Ancient Near East: Permanent Galleries in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 1.

    Muscarella, Oscar W. 1988. Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 333, no. 467.

    Porada, Edith. 1990. "Animal Subjects of the Ancient Near Eastern Artist." In Investigating Artistic Environments in the Ancient Near East, edited by Ann Gunter. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, p. 78.

    Gunter, Ann. 1991. "A Zoomorphic Vessel Stand in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery." In Essays on Ancient Anatolian and Syrian Studies in the Second Millennium B.C. edited by H.I.H. Prince Takahito Mikasa. Bulletin of the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan 4. Wiesbaden : O. Harrassowitz, p. 156, figs. 6-7.

    Lapérouse, Jean-François de. "Vessel stand with ibex support." In Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, exh. cat. edited by Joan Aruz, with Ronald Wallenfels. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 40, pp. 81-82.

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