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Royal or divine figure with high conical headdress

Period:
Middle Bronze Age
Date:
ca. 18th–17th century B.C.
Geography:
Syria-Levant
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H. 7 in. (17.9 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of Sheldon and Barbara Breitbart, 1985
Accession Number:
1985.262.2
  • Description

    The close relationship between the divine patriarch El and his earthly counterpart, the Syrian king, may be expressed in this male figure wearing a wrapped mantle with thickly rolled borders and a version of the Egyptian white crown. As the eternal king, he might wear the Mesopotamian horns of divinity or the Egyptian white crown. As a mortal ruler, this figure may appear in the presence of such deities as the weather god and the Syrian goddess with the square miter. Examples appear on the cylinder seals rolled on tablets at the city of Alalakh, an important center in northwestern Syria.

  • Provenance

    [Before 1985, with Jean-Luc Chalmin, London]; purchased by Sheldon and Barbara Breitbart from Jean-Luc Chalmin, London; acquired by the Museum in 1985, gift of Sheldon and Barbara Breitbart.

  • Exhibition History

    "Beyond Babylon: Art, Trade, and Diplomacy in the Second Millennium B.C." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, November 17, 2008–March 15, 2009.

  • References

    Pittman, Holly, in collaboration with Joan Aruz. 1987. Ancient Art in Miniature: Near Eastern Seals from the Collection of Martin and Sarah Cherkasky. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p.41, fig. 22.

    Annual Report of the Trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art 116 (July 1, 1985 - June 30, 1986), p. 16.

  • See also
    What
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
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