Spouted jar

Iron Age II
ca. 9th century B.C.
Iran, Hasanlu
H. 8 1/2 in. (21.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1960
Accession Number:
  • Description

    Hasanlu in northwestern Iran is best known as the site of a citadel that was destroyed in about 800 B.C., most likely by an army from Urartu coming from eastern Turkey. Thousands of artifacts of terracotta, bronze, iron, gold, silver, and ivory were recovered from the monumental buildings, which were characterized by an elaborate entrance and a large central hall with columns that supported a two-story superstructure.

    This gray-ware jar and stand, found in a burial in the cemetery of Hasanlu, is typical of Iron Age pottery of northwestern Iran. Many other aspects of culture, including architectural form, mode of burial, and style of bronze weapons and small objects, were altered at this time, leading some scholars to suggest a migration of new people into the region at the beginning of the Iron Age.

  • Provenance

    1959, excavated by Robert H. Dyson Jr. on behalf of the Hasanlu Project sponsored by the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, the Archaeological Service of Iran, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art; acquired by the Museum in 1960, as a result of its financial contribution to the excavations.

  • References

    Crawford, Vaughn E. 1961. "Hasanlu 1960." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 20 (3), p. 88, fig. 2.

    Crawford, Vaughn E. et al. 1966. Guide to the Ancient Near East Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 26, fig. 39.

    Muscarella, Oscar W. 1968. "Excavations at Dinkha Tepe, 1966." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (3), fig. 10, p. 189, 194.

    New York Cultural Center. 1974. Grand reserves, exh. cat. New York: New York Cultural Center, n.p.

    Muscarella, Oscar W. 1983. In The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department, exh. cat. Tokyo: Chunichi Shimbun, no. 52.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History