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Mosaic floor panel

Period:
Imperial
Date:
2nd century A.D.
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Stone, tile, and glass
Dimensions:
H. 89 in. (226.1 cm); width 99 in. (251.5 cm)
Classification:
Miscellaneous-Mosaic
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1938
Accession Number:
38.11.12
  • Description

    The rectangular panel represents the entire decorated area of a floor and was found together with another mosaic (now in the Baltimore Museum of Art) in an olive grove at Daphne-Harbiye in 1937. In Roman times, Daphne was a popular holiday resort, used by the wealthy citizens and residents of Antioch as a place of rest and refuge from the heat and noise of the city. American excavations at Daphne in the late 1930s uncovered the remains of several well-appointed houses and villas, including the one that contained this mosaic. At its center is a panel (emblema) with the bust of a woman, decked out with a wreath of flowers around her head and a floral garland over her left shoulder. Traditionally identified as Spring, the figure is probably the representation of a more generic personification of abundance and good living, well suited to the luxurious atmosphere created at Daphne by its rich patrons.

  • Provenance

    Excavated from a villa at Daphne near Antioch in Roman Syria (modern Antakya, Turkey)

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1944. Greek Painting: The Development of Pictoral Representation from Archaic to Graeco-Roman Times. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 428, pp. 398, 489.

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
253565

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