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Terracotta aryballos (oil flask)

Signed by Nearchos as potter

Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 570 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 3 1/16 in. (7.8 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Cesnola Collection, by exchange, 1926
Accession Number:
26.49
  • Description

    Around the lip, pygmies fighting cranes
    Around the main surface of the handle, three satyrs; on the ends, Hermes and Perseus; on top, two tritons

    Both potter and painter, Nearchos was one of the great artists active about 570 B.C. His son, Tleson, was the major potter of Little Master cups in the succeeding generation. Both were literate; they inscribed their vases. This aryballos is exceptional for the precision and vigor of the figures.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Signed by Nearchos as potter

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 88, fig. 55.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 88, fig. 55.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. New York: Plantin Press, p. 16, fig. 103.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 57, 197, pls. 37d, f.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 5. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, p. 389, fig. 514.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 1607.

    Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge, England, pp. 129, 637 n. 122.

    Beazley, John D. 1978[1956]. Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters. New York: Hacker Art Books, pp. 83, 682, no. 4, Add, 1, p. 83.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich and Alan L. Boegehold. 1985. The Amasis Painter and His World: Vase-Painting in Sixth-Century B.C. Athens. Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, pp. 39-40, fig. 21.

    Beazley, John D. 1986[1951]. The Development of Attic Black Figure, Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. 24, 2nd edn. University of California: University of California Press, pp. 38, 99, n. 11, pl. 32, 5-6.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Dophios, no. 1.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Hermes, no. 202.

    Brijder, Herman A. G. 1991. Siana Cups II: The Heidelberg Painter, Allard Pierson Series: Studies in Ancient Civilization, Vol. 8. Amsterdam: Allard Pierson Museum, fig. 120.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Perseus, no. 153; Psoleas, no. 2; Pygmaioi, no. 2; Silenoi, no. 111.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1997. Thespiades-Zodiacus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Tritones, no. 7.

    Mertens, Joan R. and Beth Cohen. 2006. "Attic White Ground: Potter and Painter." The Colors of Clay: Special Techniques in Athenian Vases, Beth Cohen, ed. Malibu: J. Paul Getty Trust, pp. 187-88, 193, fig. 2, n. 14.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 81, pp. 82, 421.

  • See also
252451

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