Terracotta kylix (drinking cup)

Signed by Hieron as potter

Attributed to Makron
ca. 480 B.C.
Greek, Attic
Terracotta; red-figure
H. 5 7/16 in. (13.8 cm) diameter 13 1/16 in. (33.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1920
Accession Number:
  • Description

    Interior, flute-playing satyr and maenad
    Exterior, obverse and reverse, symposium

    The exterior provides a particularly full illustration of the symposium (drinking party) and, especially, of its paraphernalia: a wreathed column-krater for mixing wine and water, a large skyphos for the relief of a sick symposiast, a lamp stand that also accommodates a ladle and strainer, and krotala (castanets) and a picnic basket suspended from the back wall. Compared with the figures on the outside, the satyr and maenad (followers of the wine god, Dionysos) appear formal indeed.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Signed by Hieron as potter

  • Provenance

    Said to be from Vulci

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1923. "Athenian Pottery: Recent Accessions." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 18(11): pp. 253-54, 256, fig. 1.

    Hill, Dorothy Kent. 1942. "Wine Ladels and Strainers from Ancient Times." The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, 5: pp. 44, 52, fig. 4.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 63, figs. 24e-f.

    Metzger, Henri. 1951. Les représentations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle. Paris: E. de Boccard, no. 23, pp. 13, 24, 26.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p. 73.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 63, figs. 24e-f.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 467, 481, 1654, no. 118, Add. 1, pp. 458-80.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Mertens, Joan R. 1976. "A Hellenistic Fine in New York." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 11: pp. 74-75, fig. 7.

    von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1984. "A Greek and Roman Treasury." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 42(1): p. 8.

    Cohen, Beth and University of Chicago Press. 1991. "The Literate Potter: A Tradition of Incised Signatures on Attic Vases." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 26: pp. 70-73, figs. 38-39.

    Kunisch, Norbert. 1997. Makron, Forschungen zur antiken Keramik. II Reihe, Kerameus, Vol. 10. Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, pl. 377.

    Miller, Margaret C. 1999. "Reexamining Transvestism in Archaic and Classical Athens: The Zewadski Stamnos." American Journal of Archaeology, 103(2): p. 244 ff, fig. 22.

    Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 23, pp. 13, 24, 26, 81, 98, 116-20, 139.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History