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Ivory decorative plaque

Period:
Archaic
Date:
2nd half of 7th century B.C.
Culture:
Greek
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
Overall: 5 3/8 x 2 3/4 x 5/8 in. (13.6 x 7 x 1.6 cm)
Classifications:
Miscellaneous-Bone, Ivory
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.73
  • Description

    This plaque illustrates a mythological subject related to the advent of the god Dionysos in Greece. Because the two daughters of King Proitos of Argos refused to recognize his divinity, they were driven mad and committed violent and unseemly acts until they were healed by the seer Melampos. Here, in their madness, they have unpinned their clothes and stand partially naked.

  • Provenance

    Until 1917, collection of J. Pierpont Morgan; acquired December 17, 1917, gift of J. Pierpont Morgan.

  • References

    Schefold, Karl. 1949. Orient, Hellas und Rom in der archäologischen Forschung seit 1939. Bern: A. Francke, p. 108, pl. 1.

    Homann-Wedeking, Ernst. 1950. Die Anfänge der griechischen Grossplastik. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, p. 7.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 31, 180, pl. 20a.

    Boardman, John. 1964. Greek Art. New York: Praeger, no. 33 .

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

    Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge, England, p. 141, pl. 8e.

    Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. Karlsruhe: Müller, no. 10, p. 25 .

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Böhm, Stephanie. 1990. Die "nackte Göttin": zur Ikonographie und Deutung unbekleideter weiblicher Figuren in der frühgriechischen Kunst. Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, pg. 89f, Tafel 34c.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Peitho, no. 45; Proitides, no. 3.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 43, pp. 57, 416.

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